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College Composition and Communication, Vol. 42, No. 2, May 1991

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Berkenkotter, Carol. “Paradigm Debates, Turf Wars, and the Conduct of Sociocognitive Inquiry in Composition.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 151-169.



ccc42.2 Research Composition Language Cognitive Knowledge Study Community Categories Methods Rhetoric Writing Culture Field

Works Cited

Bartholomae, David. “Inventing the University.” When a Writer Can’t Write. Ed. Mike Rose. New York: Guilford, 1985. 134-65.
Bazerman, Charles. “Whose Moment? The Kairotics of Intersubjectivity.” Kairos. Ed. Philip Sipioria. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, forthcoming.
Berkenkotter, Carol. “The Legacy of Positivism in Empirical Composition Research.” Journal of Advanced Composition 9 (1989): 69-82.
Berkenkotter, Carol, Thomas N. Huckin, and John Ackerman. “Conventions, Conversations and the Writer: Case Study of a Student in a Rhetoric Ph.D. Program.” Research in the Teaching of English 22 (Feb. 1988): 9-44.
—. “Social Contexts and Socially Constructed Texts: The Initiation of a Graduate Student into a Writing Research Community.” Textual Dynamics of the Professions. Ed. Charles Bazer­man and James Paradis. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1991. Forthcoming.
Berlin, James A. “Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class.” College English 50 (Sept. 1988): 477-94.
—. Rhetoric and Reality: Writing Instruction in American Colleges, 1900-1985. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.
Bizzell, Patricia. “Cognition, Convention, and Certainty: What We Need to Know about Writing.” Pre/Text 3 (Fall 1982): 213-43.
—. ”’Cultural Criticism’: A Social Approach to Studying Writing.” Bizzell et al., “What Are We Doing as a Research Community?” 224-30.
—. “What Is a ‘Discourse Community’?” Paper presented at the Pennsylvania State Uni­versity Summer Conference on Rhetoric. University Park, Jul. 1987.
Bizzell, Patricia, Robert J. Connors, Lester Faigley, George N. Hillocks, and Karen Shriver. “What Are We Doing as a Research Community?” Conference on College Composition and Communication Convention. St. Louis, 16 Mar. 1988. Rpt. in Rhetoric Review 7 (Spring 1989): 223-89.
Brodkey, Linda. Academic Writing as Social Practice. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1987.
Brown, John Seely, Allan Collins, and Paul Duguid. “Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning.” Educational Researcher 18 (Jan.-Feb. 1989): 32-42.
Bruffee, Kenneth A. “Social Construction, Language, and the Authority of Knowledge: A Bib­liographical Essay.” College English 48 (Dec. 1986): 773-90.
Campbell, Donald T., and Julian C. Stanley. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research. Boston: Houghton, 1966.
Cazden, Courtney B. “Classroom Discourse.” Handbook of Research on Teaching. Ed. Merlin Wittrock. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan, 1986. 432-63.
Chapman, David W., and Gary Tate. “A Survey of Doctoral Programs in Rhetoric and Com­position.” Rhetoric Review 5 (Spring 1987): 124-86.
Chomsky, Noam. Rev. of Verbal Behavior, by B. F. Skinner. Language 35 (1959): 26-58.
Clifford, James. “On Ethnographic Allegory.” Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Ed. James Clifford and George E. Marcus. Berkeley: U of California P, 1986. 98-121.
—. “On Ethnographic Authority.” Representations 1.2 (Spring 1983): 118-46.
Cooper, Marilyn M. “Why Are We Talking about Discourse Communities? Or, Foundationalism Rears Its Ugly Head Once More.” Writing as Social Action. Marilyn M. Cooper and Michael Holzman. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1989. 202-20.
Cooper, Marilyn M., and Michael Holzman. Writing as Social Action. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1989.
Durst, Russel K. “The Mongoose and the Rat in Composition Research: Insights from the RTE Annotated Bibliography.” CCC 41 (Dec. 1990): 393-408.
Dyson, Anne Haas. “Learning to Write/Learning to Do School: Emergent Writers’ Interpreta­tions of School Literacy Tasks.” Research in the Teaching of English 18 (Oct. 1984): 233-64.
Faigley, Lester. “Judging Writing, Judging Selves.” CCC 40 (Dec. 1989): 395-412.
Feyerabend, Paul. Against Method. London: New Left, 1975.
Flower, Linda, “Cognition, Context, and Theory Building.” CCC 40 (Oct. 1989): 282-311.
Flower, Linda, and John R. Hayes. “A Cognitive Process Theory of Writing.” CCC 32 (Dec. 1981): 365-87.
Gage, N. L. “The Paradigm Wars and Their Aftermath; A Historical Sketch of Research on Teaching since 1989.” Educational Researcher 18 (Oct. 1989): 4-10.
Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, 1973.
—. Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology. New York: Basic Books, 1983.
Gilbert, Nigel G. “Referencing as Persuasion.” Social Studies of Science 7 (1977): 113-22.
Graff, Gerald. Professing Literature: An Institutional History. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1987.
Greene, Stuart. “Toward a Dialectical Theory of Composing.” Rhetoric Review 9 (Fall 1990): 149-72.
Harris, Joseph. “The Idea of Community in the Study of Writing.” CCC 40 (Feb. 1989): 11-22.
Heath, Shirley Brice. Ways with Words: Language, Life, and Work in Communities and Classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1983.
Hudson, R. A. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1980.
Kantor, Kenneth J., Dan R. Kirby, and Judith P. Goetz. “Research in Context: Ethnographic Studies in English Education.” Research in the Teaching of English 15 (Dec. 1981): 293-309.
Kaufmann, David. “The Profession of Theory.” PMLA 105 (May 1990): 519-30.
Knoblauch, C. H., and Lil Brannon. Rhetorical Traditions and the Teaching of Writing. Montclair: Boynton, 1984.
Lacey, A. R. A Dictionary of Philosophy. New York: Scribner’s, 1976. Langer, Judith. “Musings . . . A Sociocognitive View of Language Learning.” Research in the Teaching of English 19 (Dec. 1985): 325-27.
—. “Musings . . . Red Herrings in Language Research: Qualitative versus Quantitative Methods.” Research in the Teaching of English 21 (May 1987): 117-19.
Lauer, Janice M., and J. William Asher. Composition Research: Empirical Designs. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
Marcus, George E. “Contemporary Problems of Ethnography in the Modern World System.” Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Ed. James Clifford and George E. Marcus. Berkeley: U of California P, 1986. 234-61.
Ohmann, Richard. English in America: A Radical View of the Profession. New York: Oxford UP, 1976.
Perelman, Ch., and Olbrechts-Tyteca, L. The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. Trans. John Wilkinson and Purcell Weaver. Notre Dame: U of Notre Dame P, 1971.
Phelps, Louise W. Composition as a Human Science: Contributions to the Self-Understanding of a Dis­cipline. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
Phillips, Denis C. “After the Wake: Post-Positivistic Educational Thought.” Educational Researcher 12.5 (May 1983): 4-12.
—. “Post-Positivistic Science: Myths and Realities.” Keyriote Address. Conference on Alternative Paradigms in Educational Research (American Educational Research Associa­tion). San Francisco, 25 Mar. 1989. Rpt. in The Paradigm Dialog. Ed. Egon G. Guba. Newbury Park: Sage, 1990. 31-45.
Porter, James E. “Intertextuality and the Discourse Community.” Rhetoric Review 5 (Fall 1986): 34-47.
Rabinow, Paul. “Representations are Social Facts: Modernity and Post-Modernity in Anthro­pology.” Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Ed. James Clifford and George E. Marcus. Berkeley: U of California P, 1986. 234-61.
Rorty, Richard. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1978.
Rose, Mike. Lives on the Boundary: The Struggles and Achievements of America’s Underprepared. New York: Free Press, 1989.
Schilb, John. “Ideology and Composition Scholarship.” Journal of Advanced Composition 8 (1988): 22-29.
Shultz, Jeffrey J., Susan Florio, and Frederick Erickson. “Where’s the Floor? Aspects of the Cultural Organization of Social Relationships in Communication at Home and at School.” Children in and out of School: Ethnography and Education. Ed. Perry Gilmore and Allan A. Glatthorn. Washington: Center for Applied Linguistics, 1982. 88-123.
Smith, John K. “Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research: An Attempt to Clarify the Issue.” Educational Researcher 12.3 (Mar. 1983): 6-13.
Williams, Raymond. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. New York: Oxford UP, 1976.

Peterson, Linda H. “Gender and the Autobiographical Essay: Research Perspectives, Pedagogical Practices.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 170-183.



ccc42.2 Students Writing Autobiography Women Essays Gender Men Experience Teachers Significance Assignments Self Patterns Topics

Works Cited

Belenky, Mary Field, Blythe McVicker Clinchy, Nancy Rule Goldberger, and Jill Mattuck Tarule. Women’s Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1986.
Bizzell, Patricia. Rev. of What Makes Writing Good, by William E. Coles and James Vopat. CCC 37 (May 1986): 244-47.
Bloom, Lynn Z. The Essay Connection. 2nd ed. Lexington: Heath, 1988.
Charke, Charlotte, A Narrative of the Life of Charlotte Charke, Written by Herself. London: Hunt and Clarke, 1827.
Chodorow, Nancy. The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. Berkeley: U of California P, 1978.
Coles, William E., and James Vopat. What Makes Writing Good. Lexington: Heath, 1985.
Connors, Robert J. “Personal Writing Assignments.” CCC 38 (May 1987): 166-83.
Faigley, Lester. “Judging Writing, Judging Selves.” CCC 40 (Dec. 1989): 395-412.
Fetterley, Judith. The Resisting Reader: A Feminist Approach to American Fiction. Bloomington: In­diana UP, 1978.
Flynn, Elizabeth A. “Composing as a Woman.” CCC 39 (Dec. 1988): 423-35.
—. “Composing ‘Composing as a Woman’: A Perspective on Research.” CCC 41 (Feb. 1990): 83-89.
Flynn, Elizabeth A., and Patrocinio P. Schweickart, eds. Gender and Reading: Essays on Readers, Texts, and Contexts. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1986.
Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1982.
Homans, Margaret. “‘Her Very Own Howl’: The Ambiguities of Representation in Recent Women’s Fiction.” Signs 9 (Winter 1982): 186-87.
Hosmer, Robert E. A Guide to The Norton Reader. 7th ed. New York: Norton, 1988.
Jelinek, Estelle C., ed. Introduction. Women’s Autobiography: Essays in Criticism. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1980.
Klaus, Carl H. “Essayists on the Essay.” Literary Nonfiction: Theory, Criticism, Pedagogy. Ed. Chris Anderson. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1989. 155-75.
Martineau, Harriet. Autobiography. 1877. London: Virago, 1983.
Muller, Gilbert H. The McGraw-Hill Reader. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985.
Osborn, Susan. “Rhetorical Strategies of Women Student Writers.” Praxis: The Graduate Review of Criticism and Theory 1 (Spring 1987): 113-33.
Peterson, Linda. “From Egocentric Speech to Public Discourse: Richard Wright Composes His Thoughts on Black Boy.” Bloom 446-61.
Schweickart, Patrocinio P. “Reading Ourselves: Toward a Feminist Theory of Reading.” Flynn and Schweickart 31-62.
Segel, Elizabeth. ”’As the Twig Is Bent. . .’: Gender and Childhood Reading.” Flynn and Schweickart 165-86.
Schorer, Mark, et al. The Harbrace College Reader. 6th ed. San Diego: Harcourt, 1984.
Stubbs, Marcia, and Sylvan Barnet. The Little, Brown Reader. 5th ed. Glenview: Scott, 1989.
White, Edward M. Teaching and Assessing Writing. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1985.

Herrington, Anne J., and Deborah Cadman. “Peer Review and Revising in an Anthropology Course: Lessons for Learning.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 184-199.



ccc42.2 Students Writing Drafts PeerReview Papers Courses Anthropology Comments Research Data

Works Cited

Atwell, Nancie. In the Middle: Writing, Reading, and Learning with Adolescents. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1987.
Bruffee, Kenneth. “The Way Out.” College English 33 (Jan. 1972): 457-70.
—. “Writing and Reading as Collaborative or Social Acts.” The Writer’s Mind: Writing as a Mode of Thinking. Ed. Janice Hays, Phyllis Roth, Jon Ramsey, and Robert Foulke. Ur­bana: NCTE, 1983. 159-69.
Forman, Sylvia, et al. “The Junior Year Writing Program at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.” Programs that Work: Models and Methods for Writing across the Curriculum. Ed. Toby Fulwiler and Art Young. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1990. 199-219.
Freedman, Sarah Warshauer. Response to Student Writing. NCTE Research Report 23. Urbana: NCTE, 1987.
Gebhardt, Richard. “Teamwork and Feedback: Broadening the Base of Collaborative Learn­ing.” College English 42 (Sept. 1980): 69-74.
Gere, Anne. Writing Groups: History, Theory, and Implications. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.
Herrington, Anne. “Writing in Academic Settings: A Study of the Contexts for Writing in Two College Chemical Engineering Courses.” Research in the Teaching of English 19 (Dec. 1985): 331-59.
Myers, Greg. “Reality, Consensus, and Reform in the Rhetoric of Composition Teaching.” Col­lege English 48 (Feb. 1986): 154-74.
Steffens, Henry. “Designing History Writing Assignments for Student Success.” Social Studies (March/April 1989): 59-63.
Trimbur, John. “Collaborative Learning and Teaching Writing.” Perspectives on Research and Scholarship in Composition. Ed. Ben McClelland and Timothy Donovan. New York: MLA, 1985. 87-109.
—. “Consensus and Difference in Collaborative Learning.” College English 51 (October 1989): 602-16.

Vipond, Douglas, and Russell A. Hunt. “The Strange Case of the Queen-Post Truss: John McPhee on Writing and Reading.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 200-210.



ccc42.2 JMcPhee QueenPostTruss Reader Writing Forest People GypsyMoth

Works Cited

Drabelle, Dennis. “A Conversation with John McPhee.” Sierra Oct.-Nov.-Dec. 1978: 61-63.
Hamilton, Joan. “An Encounter with John McPhee.” Sierra May-June 1990: 50-55, 92, 96.
Howarth, William L. Introduction. The John McPhee Reader. Ed. William L. Howarth. New York: Random, 1977. vii-xxiii.
McPhee, John. Coming into the Country. New York: Farrar, 1977.
—. The Deltoid Pumpkin Seed. New York: Farrar, 1973.
—. “In Virgin Forest.” New Yorker 6 July 1987: 21-23.
—. “Ranger.” Pieces of the Frame. New York: Farrar, 1975. 219-62.
—. Rising from the Plains. New York: Farrar, 1987.
Odell, Lee, and Dixie Goswami. “Writing in a Non-Academic Setting.” Research in the Teaching of English 16 (Oct. 1982): 201-24.
Odell, Lee, Dixie Goswami, and Anne Herrington. “The Discourse-Based Interview: A Proce­dure for Exploring the Tacit Knowledge of Writers in Nonacademic Settings.” Research on Writing: Principles and Methods. Ed. Peter Mosenthal, Lynne Tamor, and Sean A. Walmsley. New York: Longman, 1983. 221-36.
Schuster, Charles 1. “Mikhail Bakhtin as Rhetorical Theorist.” College English 47 (Oct. 1985): 594-607.
Singular, Stephen. “Talk with John McPhee.” New York Times Book Review 27 Nov. 1977: 1+.
Vipond, Douglas, Russell A. Hunt, James Jewett, and James A. Reither. “Making Sense of Reading.” Developing Discourse Practices in Adolescence and Adulthood, Ed. Richard Beach and Susan Hynds. Norwood: Ablex, 1990. 110-35.
Weber, Ronald. The Literature of Fact: Literary Nonfiction in American Writing. Athens: Ohio UP, 1980.

Sieminski, Greg C. “Couching Our Cutting with Compassion.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 211-217.

Morrow, Diane Stelzer. “Tutoring Writing: Healing or What?” CCC 42.2 (1991): 218-229.

Schriner, Delores K., and Matthew Willen. “The Facts on Facts: Adaptations to a Reading and Writing Course.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 230-238.

Robinson, William S. “Response to Gary Sloan, ‘Frequency of Errors in Essays by College Freshmen and by Professional Writers.'” CCC 42.2 (1991): 239-240.

Sloan, Gary. “Reply by Gary Sloan.” CCC 42.2 (1991): 240-241.

Bloom, Lynn. Rev. of CCCC Bibliography of Composition and Rhetoric, 1988 by Erika Lindemann and Mary Beth Harding. CCC 42.2 (1991): 242-244.

McClure, Lisa. Rev. of Research in Basic Writing: A Bibliographic Sourcebook by Michael G. Moran and Martin J. Jacobi. CCC 42.2 (1991): 244-246.

Rose, Shirley K. Rev. of The Writing Teacher as Researcher: Essays in the Theory and Practice of Class-Based Research by Donald A. Daiker; Max Morenberg. CCC 42.2 (1991): 246-248.

Troyka, Lynn Quitman. Rev. of Personality and the Teaching of Composition by George H. Jensen and John K. DiTiberio. CCC 42.2 (1991): 248-250.

Lamb, Catherine E. Rev. of Farther Along: Transforming Dichotomies in Rhetoric and Composition by Kate Ronald and Hephzibah Roskelly. CCC 42.2 (1991): 250-251.

Bernhardt, Stephen A. Rev. of Writing Better Computer User Documentation: From Paper to Hypertext by R. John Brockmann; Designing and Writing Online Documentation: Help Files to Hypertext by William K. Horton. CCC 42.2 (1991): 252-254.

Crusius, Timothy W. Rev. of Modern Rhetorical Criticism by Roderick P. Hart. CCC 42.2 (1991): 254-256.

Farrell, Thomas J. Rev. of Oral and Written Communication: Historical Approaches by Richard Leo Enos. CCC 42.2 (1991): 256-258.

Enos, Richard Leo. Rev. of The Older Sophists by Rosamond Kent Sprague. CCC 42.2 (1991): 258-259.

Bridges, Charles W. Rev. of The Student’s Guide to Good Writing: Building Writing Skills for Success in College by Rick Dalton and Marianne Dalton. CCC 42.2 (1991): 259-261.

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