Holmes, David G. Rev. of African American Literacies by Elaine Richardson. CCC. 55.3 (2004): 575-577.
Kameen, Paul. Rev. of (Re)Articulating Assessment: Writing Assessment for Teaching and Learning by Brian Huot. CCC. 55.3 (2004): 578-580.
Clark, Anna H. Rev. of Misunderstanding the Assignment: Teenage Students, College Writing, and the Pains of Growth by Doug Hunt. CCC. 55.3 (2004): 580-582.
Fox, Tom. Rev. of A Geopolitics of Academic Writing by A. Suresh Canagarajah. CCC. 55.3 (2004): 582-585.
Schiff, Peter. Rev. of Intertexts: Reading Pedagogy in College Writing Classrooms. Marguerite Helmers, ed. CCC. 55.3 (2004): 585-587.
Dawkins, John and Nancy Mann. “Interchanges.” CCC. 55.3 (2004): 568-574.
Juzwik, Mary. “Towards an Ethics of Answerability: Reconsidering Dialogism in Sociocultural Literacy Research.” CCC. 55.3 (2004): 536-567.
This essay responds to the problem that sociocultural literacy research has failed to adequately theorize individual literacy learners as moral agents with the capacity to produce harm or good to themselves and others. Building from the rhetorical construct of dialogism, this inquiry explores how the early ethical thought of Mikhail Bakhtin can contribute an “ethics of answerability” to sociocultural literacy studies. Explicating and extending a more established perspective in classroom literacy study: what I call an “ethics of difference”: my reading of Bakhtin’s early work offers a shift in focus from linguistic difference to the self who responds, or answers, to difference. An ethics of answerability highlights the unique and heavy responsibilities that individuals face as they respond to others in everyday interaction and in textual production. Proposed in light of this theoretical orientation are questions to guide inquiry in classroom-based sociocultural literacy research.
ccc55.3 Literacy Answerability MBakhtin Students Classroom Ethics Others Difference Research Literacy Dialogism Perspective
- Antiphon and Andocides. Antiphon and Andocides. Trans. Michael Gagarin and Douglas M. MacDowell. Austin: U of Texas P, 1998.
- Aristotle. On Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse. Trans. George A. Kennedy. New York: Oxford UP, 1991.
- Atwell, Nancie. In the Middle: Writing, Reading, and Learning with Adolescents . Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1987.
- Bakhtin, Mikhail M. “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity.” Art and Answerability: Early Philosophical Essays of M. M. Bakhtin. Ed. Michael Holquist and Vadim Liapunov. Trans. Vadim Liapunov. Austin: U of Texas P, 1990.
- —. The Dialogic Imagination. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: U of Texas P, 1981.
- —. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Ed. and Trans. Caryl Emerson. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1984.
- —. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky. Bloomington: U of Indiana P, 1984.
- —. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Ed. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Trans. Vern W. McGee. Austin: U of Texas P, 1986.
- —. Toward a Philosophy of the Act. Ed. Vadim Liapunov and Michael Holquist. Trans. Vadim Liapunov. Austin: U of Texas P, 1993.
- Bartholomae, David. “Writing with Teachers: A Conversation with Peter Elbow .” CCC 46.1 (1995): 62-71.
- Bialostosky, Don. “Bakhtin’s ‘Rough Draft’: Toward a Philosophy of the Act, Ethics, and Composition Studies.” Rhetoric Review 18 (Fall 1999): 6-24.
- Bourdieu, Pierre. Practical Reason. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998.
- Brandt, Deborah. Literacy and American Lives. New York: Cambridge UP, 2001.
- Brandt, Deborah, and Katie Clinton. “Limits of the Local: Expanding Perspectives on Literacy as a Social Practice.” Journal of Literacy Research 34 (2002): 337-56.
- Burke, Kenneth. A Grammar of Motives. New York: Prentice Hall, 1945.
- —. The Philosophy of Literary Form: Studies in Symbolic Action. Berkeley: U of California P, 1973.
- —. A Rhetoric of Motives. Berkeley: U of California P, 1969.
- Coates, Ruth. Christianity in Bakhtin: God and the Exiled Author. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1998.
- Delpit, Lisa. Other People’s Children: Cultural Conflict in the Classroom. New York: New P, 1995.
- Durst, Russel. Collision Course: Conflict, Negotiation, and Learning in College Composition. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1999.
- Dyson, Anne H. Social Worlds of Children Learning to Write in an Urban Primary School. New York: Teachers College P, 1993.
- —. Writing Superheroes: Contemporary Childhood, Popular Culture, and Classroom Literacy . New York: Teachers College P, 1997.
- Elbow, Peter. Writing without Teachers. New York: Oxford UP, 1973.
- Emerson, Caryl. “The Next Hundred Years of Mikhail Bakhtin (The View from the Classroom).” Rhetoric Review 19 (2000): 12-26.
- Ewald, Helen. “Waiting for Answerability: Bakhtin and Composition Studies.” CCC 44.3 (1993): 331-47. Rpt. in Landmark Essays on Bakhtin, Rhetoric, and Writing . Ed. Frank Farmer. Mahwah: Lawrence- Erlbaum, 1998. 225-41.
- Flower, Linda, David Wallace, Linda Norris, and Rebecca Burnett, eds. Making Thinking Visible. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1993.
- Garver, Eugene. Aristotle’s Rhetoric: An Art of Character. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1994.
- Gee, James. An Introduction to Discourse Analysis Theory and Method. London: Routledge, 1998.
- —. “The New Literacy Studies: From ‘Socially Situated’ to the Work of the Social.” Situated Literacies: Reading and Writing in Context. Ed. David Barton, Mary Hamilton, and Roz Ivanic. London: Routledge, 2000. 180-96.
- —. Social Linguistics and Literacies: Ideology in Discourses. London: Falmer, 1996.
- Gee, James, Glynda Hull, and Colin Lankshear. The New Work Order: Behind the Language of the New Capitalism . Boulder, CO: Westview, 1996.
- Goffman, Erving. Frame Analysis. New York: Harper, 1974.
- Graue, M. Elizabeth, Janice Kroeger, and Dana Prager. “A Bakhtinian Analysis of Particular Home-School Relations.” American Educational Research Journal 38 (Fall 2001): 467-98.
- Greene, Stuart. “How Beginning Writing Students Interpret the Task of Writing an Academic Argument.” Teaching Academic Literacy: The Uses of Teacher- Research in Developing a Writing Program. Ed. Katherine L. Weese, Stephen L. Fox, and Stuart Greene. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999. 85-118.
- Greene, Stuart, and Erin Smith. “Teaching Talk about Writing: Student Conflict in Acquiring a New Discourse of Authorship through Collaborative Planning.” Teaching Academic Literacy: The Uses of Teacher-Research in Developing a Writing Program. Ed. Katherine L. Weese, Stephen L. Fox, and Stuart Greene. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999. 149-74.
- Halasek, Kay. A Pedagogy of Possibility: Bakhtinian Perspectives on Composition Studies . Carbondale: Southern Illinois P, 1999.
- —. “Starting the Dialogue: What Can We Do about Bakhtin’s Ambivalence toward Rhetoric?” In Landmark Essays on Bakhtin, Rhetoric, and Writing . Ed. Frank Farmer. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence- Erlbaum, 1998. 97-105.
- Heath, Shirley B. Ways with Words: Language, Life, and Work in Communities and Classrooms. Cambridge UK: Cambridge UP, 1982.
- Hicks, Deborah. “Self and Other in Bakhtin’s Early Philosophical Essays: Prelude to a Theory of Prose Consciousness.” Mind, Culture, and Activity 7 (2000): 227-42.
- Holland, Dorothy, William Lachicotte, Jr., Debra Skinner, and Carole Cain. Identity and Agency in Cultural Worlds . Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1998.
- Holquist, Michael. Dialogism: Bakhtin and His World. New York: Routledge, 1990.
- Hull, Glynda, ed. Changing Work: Changing Workers. Albany: State U of New York P, 1997.
- Hull, Glynda, and Katherine Schultz. “Literacy and Learning out of School: A Review of Theory and Research.” Review of Educational Research 71 (2001): 575-611.
- Isocrates. Antidosis. Trans. George Norlin. Vol. 2. Loeb Classical Library Series. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1961.
- Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment. Trans. Werner S. Pluhar. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987.
- Lankshear, Colin, and Michele Knobel. New Literacies: Changing Knowledge and Classroom Learning. Buckingham, UK: Open UP, 2003.
- Lensmire, Timothy J. Powerful Writing, Responsible Teaching. New York: Teachers College P, 2000.
- Mortensen, Peter, and Gesa Kirsch, eds. Ethics and Representation in Qualitative Studies of Literacy. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1996.
- Murray, Donald. A Writer Teaches Writing. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1968.
- New London Group. “A Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures.” Harvard Educational Review 66.1 (1996): 60-92.
- Nystrand, Martin, Adam Gamoran, Robert Kachur, and Catherine Prendergast. Opening Dialogue: Understanding the Dynamics of Language and Learning in the English Classroom . New York: Teachers College P, 1997.
- Olson, David. “From Utterance to Text: The Bias of Language in Speech and Writing.” Harvard Educational Review 47 (1977): 257-81.
- Powell, Katrina, and Pamela Takayoshi. ” Accepting Roles Created for Us: The Ethics of Reciprocity .” CCC 54.3 (2003): 394-422.
- Purcell-Gates, Victoria. Other People’s Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1995. Quintilian. On the Teaching of Speaking and Writing. Ed. James J. Murphy. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.
- Rodriguez, Richard. Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez. New York: Bantam, 1982.
- Scribner, Sylvia, and Michael Cole. The Psychology of Literacy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1981.
- —. “Unpackaging Literacy.” Writing the Nature, Development, and Teaching of Written Communication. Vol. 1: Variation in Writing Functional and Linguistic- Cultural Differences . Ed. M. F. Whiteman. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1981. 71-87. Rpt. in Perspectives on Literacy. Ed. Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1988.
- Street, Brian. “Higher Education in the New Work Order: Implications for Student Writing, Reading, and Representation.” Paper presented at NCTE Assembly for Research Midwinter Conference. New York, NY. 2002.
- —. Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1984. VolÃ³sinov, Valentin N. Freudianism: A Critical Sketch. Trans. I. R. Titunik. Ed. Neal Bruss. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1987.
- —. Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Trans. Ladislav Matejka and I. R. Titunik. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1973.
- Weaver, Richard M. The Ethics of Rhetoric. Davis, CA: Hermagorus P, 1985.
- Weese, Katherine, Stephen Fox, and Stuart Greene, eds. Teaching Academic Literacy: The Uses of Teacher-Research in Developing a Writing Program. Mahweh, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999.
Barber-Fendley, Kimber and Chris Hamel. ” A New Visibility: An Argument for Alternative Assistance Writing Programs for Students with Learning Disabilities.” CCC. 55.3 (2004): 504-535.
We argue against the metaphor of the “level playing field” and its natural coercive power; in so doing, we call for an end to the invisibility that the debate over accommodations has imposed on learning disabilities in the past decade. A literature review of LD in composition shows how this invisibility has manifested itself in our field through limited professional discussion of LD. In response, we propose not a level playing field but a new playing field altogether, a visible one that actively promotes alternative assistance for student writers with LD in first-year composition programs. We seek to show how the LD and composition fields could create a powerful partnership by serving students with LD through the principle of the liberal theory of distributive justice.
ccc55.3 Students Writing Field Accommodation Fairness Composition AlternativeAssistance LearningDisabilities Visibility LevelPlayingField
- Adams, Alice B. “Dyslexia: Hidden Handicap in the Classroom.” TETYC 12.4 (1985): 259-64.
- Algeo, John, and Adele Algeo. “Among the New Words.” American Speech 64.1 (1989): 65-73.
- Beauchamp, Tom L. “Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle.” John Rawls’ Theory of Social Justice . Ed. H. Gene Blocker and Elizabeth H. Smith. Athens: Ohio UP, 1980. 132-61.
- Bï¿½rubï¿½, Michael, and Cary Nelson, eds. Higher Education under Fire: Politics, Economics, and the Crisis of the Humanities . New York: Routledge, 1995.
- Brannon, Lil. “Toward a Theory of Composition.” Perspectives on Research and Scholarship in Composition . Ed. Ben W. McClelland and Timothy R. Donovan. New York: MLA, 1985. 6-25.
- Brueggemann, Brenda Jo, Linda Feldmeier White, Patricia A. Dunn, Barbara A. Hiefferon, and Johnson Cheu. “Becoming Visible: Lessons in Disability.” CCC 52.3 (2001): 368-98.
- Cicero. “Of Oratory.” Trans. E. W. Sutton. The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings from Classical Times to the Present. Ed. Patricia Bizzell and Bruce Herzberg. Boston: St. Martin’s P, 1990. 200-50.
- Corrigan, John R. “Teaching Writing to Dyslexic Students: A Guide for the Composition Instructor.” TETYC 24.3 (1997): 205-11.
- Dunn, Patricia A. Learning Re-Abled: The Learning Disability Controversy and Composition Studies . Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1995.
- Franke, Thomas L. “Dyslexia and the College English Teacher.” TETYC 13.3 (1986): 171-77.
- Fuchs, Lynn S., and Douglas Fuchs. “Fair and Unfair Testing Accommodations.” The School Administrator Nov (1999): 24-29.
- Gaskins, Jacob C. “Teaching Writing to Students with Learning Disabilities: The Landmark Method.” TETYC 22.2 (1995): 116-22.
- Houston, Linda S. “Accommodations for Learning Differences in the English Classroom.” TETYC Dec (1994): 297-301.
- Kavale, Kenneth A., and Steven R. Forness. “The Politics of Learning Disabilities.” Learning Disability Quarterly 21.4 (1998): 245-73.
- Lewin, Tamar. “Fictitious Learning-Disabled Student Is at Center of Lawsuit against College.” New York Times, 8 April 1997: B9.
- Linton, Simi. Claiming Disability: Knowledge and Identity. New York: New York UP, 1998.
- Magolda, Marcia B. Bexter. Creating Contexts for Learning and Self-Authorship: Constructive-Developmental Pedagogy . Nashville: Vanderbilt UP, 1999. Martin, Judy L. “Removing the Stumbling Blocks: Twenty-Five Ways to Help Our Learning Disabled College Writers.” TETYC 18.4 (1991): 283-89.
- McAlexander, Patricia J., and Noel Gregg. “The Roles of English Teachers and LD Specialists in Identifying Learning Disabled Writers: Two Case Studies.” Journal of Basic Writing 8.2 (1989): 72-86.
- McConnell, Terrance C. “Social Justice and Medicine.” Moral Issues in Healthcare: An Introduction to Medical Ethics . Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Inc., 1982. 197-233.
- O’Hearn, Carolyn. “Recognizing the Learning Disabled College Writer.” College English 51.3 (1989): 294-304.
- Phillips, S. E. “High-Stakes Testing Accommodations: Validity Versus Disabled Rights.” Applied Measurement in Education 7.2 (1994): 93-120.
- Plato. “Phaedrus.” Trans. H. N. Fowler. The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings from Classical Times to the Present . Ed. Patricia Bizzell and Bruce Herzberg. Boston: St. Martin’s P, 1990. 113-43.
- Quintilian. “Institutes of Oratory.” Trans. John Shelby Watson. The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings from Classical Times to the Present . Ed. Patricia Bizzell and Bruce Herzberg. Boston: St. Martin’s P, 1990. 297-363.
- Richards, Amy. “College Composition: Recognizing the Learning Disabled Writer.” Journal of Basic Writing 4.2 (1985): 68-79.
- Rose, Alan M. “Specific Learning Disabilities, Federal Law, and Departments of English.” ADE Bulletin 84 (1986): 26-29.
- Scott, Joan W. “The Rhetoric of Crisis in Higher Education.” Higher Education under Fire: Politics, Economics, and the Crisis of the Humanities . Ed. Michael Bï¿½rubï¿½ and Cary Nelson. New York: Routledge, 1995. 293-304.
- Shapiro, Joseph P. “The Strange Case of Somnolent Samantha: Do the Learning Disabled Get Too Much Help?” U.S. News and World Report, 14 April 1997: 31.
- Siegel, Linda S. “Issues in the Definition and Diagnosis of Learning Disabilities: A Perspective on Gukenberger v. Boston University.” Journal of Learning Disabilities 32.4 (1999): 304-19.
- Thurlow, Martha L., Judy L. Elliott, and James E. Ysseldyke. Testing Students with Disabilities . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin P, Inc., 1998.
- Traub, James. “Back to Basic.” New Republic 208.6 (1993): 18-19.
- Uviller, H. Richard. The Tilted Playing Field. New Haven: Yale UP, 1999.
- White, Linda Feldmeier. ” Learning Disability, Pedagogies, and Public Discourse .” CCC 53.4 (2002): 705-38.
- Williams, Bernard. “The Idea of Equality.” Philosophy, Politics, and Society . Ed. Peter Laslett and W. G. Runciman. 2nd series ed. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1967. 110-31.
- Williams, Wendy M., and Stephen J. Ceci. “Accommodating Learning Disabilities Can Bestow Unfair Advantages.” Chronicle of Higher Education, 6 Aug 1999: B4-5.
- —. “Responses.” Chronicle of Higher Education Colloquy. 4 August 1999 <http://chronicle.com/colloquy/99/disabled/25.htm>.
- Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1990.
Selber, Stuart A. ” Reimagining the Functional Side of Computer Literacy.” CCC. 55.3 (2004): 470-503.
Although computer literacy amounts to a complex set of interconnected capacities, teachers of writing and communication have tended to ignore functional issues, which are crucial to many aspects of online work. This essay reimagines the functional side of computer literacy, arguing for an approach that is both effective and professionally responsible.
ccc55.3 Students Computers FunctionalLiteracy Communication Online Writing Users Discourses Technology Software DigitalLiteracy
- Aronowitz, Stanley, and Henry A. Giroux. Postmodern Education: Politics, Culture, and Social Criticism . Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1991.
- Baker, Ronald L. “A Comprehensive Integrated Computing Curriculum for End-Users.” Education and Computing 6 (1990): 47-53.
- Baldauf, Ken. Interview with Bob Edwards. National Public Radio. PBS. Washington, DC. 12 Nov. 1999.
- Barger, Robert Newton. “Computer Literacy: Toward a Clearer Definition.” T.H.E. Journal ( Oct. 1983): 108-12.
- Barker, Thomas. “The Empowered User: A New Approach to Software Documentation.” Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Society for Technical Communication , Minneapolis, 15-18 May 1994. Arlington, VA: STC, 1994. 5-7.
- Bartholomae, David. “Inventing the University.” Perspectives on Literacy. Ed. Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1988. 273-85.
- Baym, Nancy K. “The Emergence of Community in Computer-Mediated Communication.” Cybersociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community. Ed. Steven G. Jones. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995. 138-63.
- Bazerman, Charles. Constructing Experience. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1994.
- Berghel, Hal. “Cyberspace 2000: Dealing with Information Overload.” Communications of the ACM 40 (1997): 19-24.
- Bizzell, Patricia. “The Prospect of Rhetorical Agency.” Making and Unmaking the Prospects for Rhetoric: Selected Papers from the 1996 Rhetoric Society of America Conference . Ed. Theresa Enos. Mahwah: Erlbaum, 1997.
- Bolter, J. David. Turing’s Man: Western Culture in the Computer Age. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1984.
- —. The Writing Space: The Computer, Hypertext, and the History of Writing . Hillsdale: Erlbaum, 1991.
- Brand, Stewart. The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT. New York: Viking, 1987.
- Brecher, Deborah L. The Women’s Computer Literacy Handbook. New York: New American Library, 1985.
- Browning, Graeme. Electronic Democracy: Using the Internet to Influence American Politics . Ed. Daniel J. Weitzner. Wilton: Pemberton, 1996.
- Bruffee, Kenneth A. “Social Construction, Language, and the Authority of Knowledge: A Bibliographic Essay.” College English 48 (1986): 773-90.
- Burns, Hugh. “Teaching Composition in Tomorrow’s Multimedia, Multinetworked Classrooms.” Re-Imagining Computers and Composition: Teaching and Research in the Virtual Age . Ed. Gail E. Hawisher and Paul LeBlanc. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1992. 115-30.
- Capron, H. L. Computers: Tools for an Information Age. 2nd. instructor’s edition with annotations. Redwood: Benjamin, 1990.
- Chesebro, James W., and Donald G. Bonsall. Computer-Mediated Communication: Human Relationships in a Computerized World . Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1989.
- Cook-Gumperz, Jenny. “Literacy and Schooling: An Unchanging Equation?” The Social Construction of Literacy . Ed. Jenny Cook-Gumperz. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986. 16-44.
- Dougherty, William V. “Computer Expertise: What Expectations Should We Have of New Teachers?” NASSP Bulletin Jan. (2000): 72-77.
- Dreilinger, Daniel, and Adele E. Howe. “Experiences with Selecting Search Engines Using Metasearch.” ACM Transactions on Information Systems 15 (1997): 195-222.
- Duffelmeyer, Barbara Blakely. “Critical Computer Literacy: Computers in First- Year Composition as Topic and Environment.” Computers and Composition 17 (2000): 289-307.
- Duffy, Thomas M., James E. Palmer, and Brad Mehlenbacher. Online Help: Design and Evaluation . Norwood: Ablex, 1992.
- Faigley, Lester. Fragments of Rationality: Postmodernity and the Subject of Composition . Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1992.
- Fertig, Scott, Eric Freeman, and David Gelernter. “Lifestreams: An Alternative to the Desktop Metaphor.” Proceedings of the 1996 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , Vancouver, 13-18 April 1996. New York: ACM, 1996. 410-11.
- Flinn, Jane Zeni. “Case Studies of Revision Aided by Keystroke Recording and Replaying Software.” Computers and Composition 5.1 (1987): 31-44.
- Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.
- Gilroy, Faith D., and Harsha B. Desai. “Computer Anxiety: Sex, Race, and Age.” International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 25 (1986): 711-19.
- Giroux, Henry A. Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning . New York: Bergin, 1988.
- Harasim, Linda M. “Networlds: Networks as Social Space.” Global Networks: Computers and International Communication . Ed. Linda M. Harasim. Cambridge: MIT P, 1993. 15-34.
- Harris, Joseph. A Teaching Subject: Composition Since 1966. Upper Saddle River: Prentice, 1997.
- Hawisher, Gail E. “Research Update: Writing and Word Processing.” Computers and Composition 5.2 (1988): 7-28.
- Hawisher, Gail E., and Charles Moran. “Electronic Mail and the Writing Instructor.” College English 55 (1993): 627-43.
- Heinssen, Robert K., Carol R. Glass, and Luanne A. Knight. “Assessing Computer Anxiety: Development and Validation of the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale.” Computers in Human Behavior 3 (1987): 49-59.
- Herndl, Carl G. “The Transformation of Critical Ethnography into Pedagogy, or the Vicissitudes of Traveling Theory.” Nonacademic Writing: Social Theory and Technology . Ed. Ann Hill Duin and Craig J. Hansen. Mahwah: Erlbaum, 1996. 17-33.
- Hiltz, Starr Roxanne, and Murray Turoff. “Structuring Computer-Mediated Communication Systems to Avoid Information Overload.” Communications of the ACM 28 (1985): 680-89.
- Holmevik, Jan Rune, and Cynthia Haynes. MOOniversity: A Student’s Guide to Online Learning Environments . Boston: Allyn, 2000.
- Howard, Tharon. “WANS, Connectivity, and Computer Literacy: An Introduction and Glossary.” Computers and Composition 9 (1992): 41-58.
- Hull, Glynda. “Hearing Other Voices: A Critical Assessment of Popular Views on Literacy and Work.” Literacy: A Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Ellen Cushman, Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. New York: Bedford, 2001. 660-83.
- Johnson, David C., Ronald E. Anderson, Thomas P. Hansen, and Daniel L. Klassen. “Computer Literacy: What is It?” The Information Age Classroom: Using the Computer as a Tool . Ed. Terence R. Cannings and Stephen W. Brown. Irvine: Franklin, 1986. 38-41.
- Johnson-Eilola, Johndan. Nostalgic Angels: Rearticulating Hypertext Writing . Norwood: Ablex, 1997.
- —. “Wild Technologies: Computer Use and Social Possibility.” Computers and Technical Communication: Pedagogical and Programmatic Perspectives . Ed. Stuart A. Selber. Greenwich: Ablex, 1997.
- Jones, Steve, ed. Doing Internet Research: Critical Issues and Methods for Examining the Net . Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1999.
- Kay, Robin H. “Bringing Computer Literacy into Perspective.” Journal of Research on Computing in Education 22 (1989): 35-47.
- Kellner, Douglas M. “Technological Revolution, Multiple Literacies, and the Restructuring of Education.” Silicon Literacies: Communication, Innovation, and Education in the Electronic Age . Ed. Ilana Snyder. New York: Routledge, 2002. 154-69.
- Kemp, Fred. “Who Programmed This? Examining the Instructional Attitudes of Writing-Support Software.” Computers and Composition 10.1 (1992): 9-24.
- Kiesler, Sara, Jane Siegel, and Timothy W. McGuire. “Social Psychological Aspects of Computer-Mediated Communication.” American Psychologist 39 (1984): 1123-34.
- King, Raymond E., and Michael D. McNeese. “Human-Computer Anxiety and Phobia: A Consideration of Foundations and Interventions.” Proceedings of the IEEE Fourth Annual Symposium on Human Interaction with Complex Systems , Dayton, 22-25 March 1998. Piscataway: IEEE, 1998. 205-08.
- Knabe, Kevin. “Apple Guide: A Case Study in User-Aided Design of Online Help.” Proceedings of the 1995 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , Denver, 7-11 May 1995. New York: ACM, 1995. 286-87.
- Knoblauch, C. H. “Literacy and the Politics of Education.” The Right to Literacy . Ed. Andrea A. Lunsford, Helene Moglen, and James Slevin. New York: MLA, 1990. 74-80.
- Lankshear, Colin. “Ideas of Functional Literacy: Critique and Redefinition of an Educational Goal.” New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies 20 (1985): 5-19.
- LeBlanc, Paul. “How to Get the Words Just Right: A Reappraisal of Word Processing and Revision.” Computers and Composition 5.3 (1988): 29-42.
- Levine, Kenneth. “Functional Literacy: Fond Illusions and False Economies.” Harvard Educational Review 52 (1982): 249-66.
- Markussen, Randi. “Constructing Easiness: Historical Perspectives on Work, Computerization, and Women.” The Cultures of Computing. Ed. Susan Leigh Star. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1995. 158-180.
- Martocchio, Joseph J. “Effects of Conceptions of Ability on Anxiety, Self-Efficacy, and Learning in Training.” Journal of Applied Psychology 79 (1994): 819-25.
- McGowan, Matthew K., and Larry Cornwell. “Measuring Computer Literacy through the Use of Proficiency Exams.” Journal of Computer Information Systems 40 (1999): 107-12.
- McLaughlin, Margaret L., Kerry K. Osborne, and Christine B. Smith. “Standards of Conduct on Usenet.” Cybersociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community . Ed. Steven G. Jones. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995. 90-111.
- Myers, Greg. “The Social Construction of Two Biologists’ Proposals.” Written Communication 2 (1985): 219-45.
- Papert, Seymour. The Connected Family: Bridging the Digital Generation Gap. Atlanta: Longstreet, 1996.
- Parasuraman, Saroj, and Magid Igbaria. “An Examination of Gender Differences in the Determinants of Computer Anxiety and Attitudes toward Microcomputers among Managers.” International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 32 (1990): 327-40.
- Parris, Peggy. “Prewriting Invention without Special Software.” Computers and Composition 2.2 (1985): 1-2.
- Peckham, Irvin. “Capturing the Evolution of Corporate E-Mail: An Ethnographic Case Study.” Computers and Composition 14 (1997): 343-60.
- Poster, Mark. The Second Media Age. Cambridge: Polity P, 1995.
- Reiss, Levi. Computer Literacy. Boston: PWS, 1984.
- Roszak, Theodore. The Cult of Information: A Neo-Luddite Treatise on High-Tech, Artificial Intelligence, and the True Art of Thinking . Berkeley: U of California P, 1994.
- Scribner, Sylvia. “Literacy in Three Metaphors.” Perspectives on Literacy. Ed. Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1988. 71-81.
- Selfe, Cynthia L. “Redefining Literacy: The Multilayered Grammars of Computers.” Critical Perspectives on Computers and Composition Instruction. Ed. Gail E. Hawisher and Cynthia L. Selfe. New York: Teachers College P, 1989. 3-15.
- Selfe, Cynthia L., and Paul R. Meyer. “Testing Claims for On-Line Conferences.” Written Communication 8 (1991): 163-92.
- Shenk, David. Data Smog: Surviving the Information Glut. New York: Harper, 1997.
- Shneiderman, Ben. Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human- Computer Interaction . Reading: Addison, 1987.
- Sims, Brenda R. “Electronic Mail in Two Corporate Workplaces.” Electronic Literacies in the Workplace: Technologies of Writing . Ed. Patricia Sullivan and Jennie Dautermann. Urbana: NCTE and Computers and Composition, 1996. 41-64.
- Snyder, Ilana. Hypertext: The Electronic Labyrinth. New York: New York UP, 1997.
- Sosnoski, James. “Hyper-Readers and Their Reading Engines.” Passions, Pedagogies, and Twenty-First Century Technologies . Ed. Gail E. Hawisher and Cynthia L. Selfe. Logan: Utah State UP and NCTE, 1999. 161-77.
- Sproull, Lee, and Sara Kiesler. “Reducing Social Context Cues: Electronic Mail in Organizational Communication.” Management Science 32 (1986): 1492-512.
- Street, Brian V. Social Literacies: Critical Approaches to Literacy in Development, Ethnography, and Education . New York: Longman, 1995.
- Strickland, James. “Computers, Invention, and the Power to Change Student Writing.” Computers and Composition 4.2 (1987): 7-26.
- Sullivan, Patricia. “Technology, Education, and Workplaces of the Future: A Parent’s View.” Expanding Literacies: English Teaching and the New Workplace. Ed. Mary Sue Garay and Stephen A. Bernhardt. Albany: SUNY P, 1998. 81-96.
- Vernon, Alex. “Computerized Grammar Checkers 2000: Capabilities, Limitations, and Pedagogical Possibilities.” Computers and Composition 17 (2000): 329-49.
- Walker, Decker F. “Reflections on the Educational Potential and Limitations of Microcomputers.” The Information Age Classroom: Using the Computer as a Tool . Ed. Terence R. Cannings and Stephen W. Brown. Irvine: Franklin, 1986. 244-50.
- Walker, Janice R., and John Ruszkiewicz. Writing@online.edu. New York: Longman, 2000.
- Weiss, Timothy. “A Process of Composing with Computers.” Computers and Composition 6.2 (1989): 45-59.
- Weizenbaum, Joseph. Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment to Calculation . San Francisco: Freeman, 1976.
- Williams, Robin. The PC Is Not a Typewriter: A Style Manual for Creating Professional Level Type on Your Personal Computer . Berkeley: Peachpit, 1992.
- Yagelski, Robert P., and Jeffrey T. Grabill. “Computer-Mediated Communication in the Undergraduate Writing Classroom: A Study of the Relationship of Online Discourse and Classroom Discourse in Two Writing Classes.” Computers and Composition 15 (1998): 11-40.
Powell, Pegeen Reichert. ” Critical Discourse Analysis and Composition Studies: A Study of Presidential Discourse and Campus Discord.” CCC. 55.3 (2004): 439-469.
In this article, I argue that critical discourse analysis (CDA) can complement and extend existing critical and radical writing pedagogies; CDA provides the theoretical and methodological context that can articulate explicitly the relationship between language practices and politics. I use CDA to analyze texts that circulated on the campus of Miami University, Ohio, surrounding a conflict that exacerbated ongoing disputes about diversity, access, and standards, and I discuss how CDA might inform composition pedagogy.
ccc55.3 Students Standards Discourse Access Diversity Community Writing President CDA HigherEducation MinorityStudents
- Clark, Romy. “Principles and Practice of CLA in the Classroom.” Critical Language Awareness. Ed. Norman Fairclough. New York: Longman, 1992. 117-40.
- Clark, Romy, and Roz Ivanic. The Politics of Writing. New York: Routledge, 1997.
- Connolly, John. “Foolishness Amuck in MU Streets.” Miami Student 13 Nov. 1998: 8.
- Crowley, Sharon. Composition in the University. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1998.
- Edelsky, Carole. “Who’s Got the Floor?” Gender and Conversational Interaction . Ed. Deborah Tannen. New York: Oxford, UP, 1993. 189-227.
- Fairclough, Norman, ed. Critical Language Awareness. New York: Longman, 1992.
- —. Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge, MA: Polity P, 1992.
- —. Introduction. Critical Language Awareness. Ed. Norman Fairclough. New York: Longman, 1992. 1-29.
- Fox, Tom. Defending Access: A Critique of Standards in Higher Education. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1999.
- Garland James C. “President Addresses Protests.” Miami Student 17 Nov. 1998: 8.
- —. “President’s Introduction to Diversity Plan.” 3 June 2002. Miami University <http://www.miami.muohio.edu/Documents_and_Policies/Plan_for_Diversity/intro.cfm>.
- —. “State of the University Address, 1998.” 6 June 2002. Miami University <http://www.miami.muohio.edu/president/stateofuniv/1998.cfm>.
- —. “State of the University Address, 1999.” 6 June 2002. Miami Univeristy <http://www.miami.muohio.edu/president/stateofuniv/1999.cfm>.
- Goffman, Erving. Forms of Talk. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1981.
- Janks, Hilary. “Domination, Access, Diversity, and Design: A Synthesis for Critical Literacy Education.” Educational Review 52.2 (2000): 175-86.
- Lentz, Stephen Meseroll. “Protest Embraced a Wavering Goal.” Miami Student 13 Nov. 1998: 8.
- Logan, Shirley Wilson. “‘When and Where I Enter’: Race, Gender, and Composition Studies.” Feminism and Composition Studies: In Other Words. Ed. Susan C. Jarratt and Lynn Worsham. New York: MLA, 1998. 45-57.
- Mahoney, Kevin. “The Diversion of ‘Diversity.'” AJAR 1.6 (Dec. 1998): 3-4+.
- McLaren, Peter. Life in Schools: Introduction to Critical Pedagogy in the Foundations of Education . New York: Longman, 1994.
- Miami Seven, The. “Exhausting the Rules.” Miami Student 13 Nov. 1998: 9.
- Powell, Douglas Reichert. Hick Town: The Cultural Politics of American Regionalism . Diss. Northeastern U. Ann Arbor: UMI, 1999.
- Pratt, Mary Louise. “Arts of the Contact Zone.” Profession 91 (1991): 33-40.
- “Protesters Produce Demands.” Miami Student 17 Nov. 1998: 1+.
- Reynolds, Nedra. ” Composition’s Imagined Geographies: The Politics of Space in Frontier, City, and Cyberspace .” CCC 50.1 (1998): 12-35.
- “Standard.” The Oxford English Dictionary [def. 1a.]. 2nd ed. 1989.
- Tannen, Deborah, ed. Gender and Conversational Interaction. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.
- Trimbur, John. “Composition and the Circulation of Writing.” CCC 52.2 (2000): 188-219.
- Wells, Susan. “Rogue Cops and Health Care: What Do We Want from Public Writing.” CCC 47.3 (1996): 325-41.
- Williams, Raymond. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1983.
Himley, Margaret. “Facing (Up To) ‘The Stranger’ in Community Service Learning.” CCC. 55.3 (2004): 416-438.
This essay turns to feminist ethnography and postcolonial theory to address how the figure of “the stranger” haunts the project of community service learning. By explicating the immediate and broader relations of power that structure these “strange(r) encounters,” we are more likely to produce the kind of agitated pedagogy that creates opportunities for progressive practices and effects.
ccc55.3 ServiceLearning Community Students Stranger SAhmed Class Others Writing Ethnography Research Feminism
- Adler-Kassner, Linda, Robert Crooks, and Ann Watters, eds. Writing the Community: Concepts and Models for Service- Learning in Composition . Washington, DC: American Assoc. for Higher Education, in cooperation with NCTE, 1997.
- Ahmed, Sara. Strange Encounters: Embodied Others in Post-Coloniality. NY: Routledge, 2001.
- Bacon, Nora. “Community Service Writing: Problems, Challenges, Questions.” Adler- Kassner et al. 39-55.
- Behar, Ruth. “Writing in My Father’s Name: A Diary of Translated Woman‘s First Year.” Women Writing Culture. Ed. Ruth Behar and Deborah A. Gordon. Berkeley: U of California, 1995. 65-82.
- Britzman, Deborah P. Lost Subjects, Contested Objects: Toward a Psychoanalytic Inquiry of Learning . Albany, NY: SUNY P, 1998.
- Carrick, Tracy Hamler, Margaret Himley, and Tobi Jacobi. “Ruptura: Acknowledging the Lost Subjects of the Service Learning Story.” Language and Learning across the Disciplines (October 2000): 56-75.
- Carty, Linda. “Seeing through the Eye of Difference: A Reflection on Three Research Journeys.” Feminism and Social Change: Bridging Theory and Practice. Ed. Heidi Gottfried. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1996. 123-42.
- Cintron, Ralph. Angels’ Town: Chero Ways, Gang Life, and Rhetorics of the Everyday . Boston: Beacon P, 1997.
- Cushman, Ellen. “Opinion: The Public Intellectual, Service Learning, and Activist Research.” College English 61.3 (1999): 328-36.
- —. “Sustainable Service Learning Programs.” CCC 54.1(2002): 40-65.
- Daniels, Arlene Kaplan. “Self-Deception and Self-Discovery in Fieldwork.” Qualitative Sociology (Fall 1983): 195-214.
- Deans, Thomas. Writing Partnerships: Service-Learning in Composition. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 2000.
- DeVault, Marjorie L. Liberating Method: Feminism and Social Research. Philadelphia, PA: Temple UP, 1999.
- Duneier, Mitchell. Sidewalk. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1999.
- Flower, Linda. “Partners in Inquiry: A Logic for Community Outreach.” Adler- Kassner et al. 95-117.
- Gorelick, Sherry. “Contradictions in Feminist Methodology.” Feminism and Social Change: Bridging Theory and Practice . Ed. Heidi Gottfried. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1996. 23-45.
- Herzberg, Bruce. “Community Service and Critical Teaching.” Adler-Kassner et al. 57-69.
- Hessler, H. Brooke. “Composing and Institutional Identity: The Terms of Community Service in Higher Education.” Language and Learning across the Disciplines (October 2000): 27-42.
- Himley, Margaret. “Teaching the Rhetoric of AIDS: Blurring the Boundaries.” English Education 3.2 (1999): 122-34.
- Himley, Margaret, Chris Madden, Al Hoffman, and Diane Penrod. “Answering the World: Adult Literacy and Co- Authoring.” Written Communication 13.2 (1996): 163-89.
- Horner, Bruce. “Critical Ethnography, Ethics, and Work: Rearticulating Labor.” JAC 22.3 (2002): 561-84.
- —. Terms of Work for Composition: A Materialist Critique. Albany: SUNY P, 2000.
- Kirsch, Gesa E. Ethical Dilemmas in Feminist Research: The Politics of Location, Interpretation, and Publication . Albany: SUNY P, 1999.
- Lu, Min-Zhan, and Bruce Horner. “The Problematic of Experience: Redefining Critical Work in Ethnography and Pedagogy.” College English 60.3 (1998): 257-77.
- Lugo, Alexjandro. “Theorizing Border Inspections.” Cultural Dynamics 12.3 (2000): 353-73.
- Mortensen, Peter, and Gesa E. Kirsch, ed. Ethics and Representation in Qualitative Studies of Literacy . Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1996.
- Mountford, Roxanne D. “Engendering Ethnography: Insights from the Feminist Critique of Postmodern Anthropology.” Mortensen and Kirsch 205-27.
- Newkirk, Thomas. “Seduction and Betrayal in Qualitative Research.” Mortensen and Kirsch 3-16.
- Said, Edward W. “Knowledge and Interpretation.” Covering Islam: How the Media and Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World. New York: Vintage, 1997. 162-73.
- Schell, Eileen E. “Literacy and Service Learning in the Twenty-First Century: Connecting Our Writing Classrooms with Communities outside the University sity.” The Spillman Symposium Lecture on Rhetoric and Composition, Virginia Military Institute, 13 November 1999 <http://wrt.syr.edu/service/SSL.html>.
- Stacey, Judith. “Can There Be a Feminist Ethnography?” Feminism and Social Change: Bridging Theory and Practice . Ed. Heidi Gottfried. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1996. 88-101.
- Stanley, Mary. “Community Service and Citizenship: Social Control and Social Justice.” Rethinking Traditions: Integrating Service with Academic Study on College Campuses . Ed. T. Y. Kupiec. Providence, RI: Campus Compact. 59-62.
- Stockton, Sharon. “Islands, ‘Others,’ and the Service Text.” Paper presented at the Conference on College Composition and Communication, Denver, CO, March 2001.
- Sullivan, Patricia A. “Ethnography and the Problem of the ‘Other.'” Mortensen and Kirsch 97-114.
- Taylor, Mark C. The Moment of Complexity: Emerging Network Culture. Chicago, IL: U of Chicago P, 2001.
- Underwood, Charles, Mara Welsh, Mary Gauvain, and Sharon Duffy. “Learning at the Edges: Challenges to the Sustainability of Service Learning in Higher Education.” Language and Learning across the Disciplines (October 2000): 7-26.
- Welch, Nancy. ” ‘And Now That I Know Them’: Composing Mutuality in a Service Learning Course .” CCC 52.2 (2002): 243- 63.
- Wolf, Diane L, ed. Feminist Dilemmas in Fieldwork. Westview P, 1996.