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College Composition and Communication, Vol. 49, No. 2, May 1998

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Patrick Bizzaro. “Review Essay: Should I Write This Essay or Finish a Poem? Teaching Writing Creatively.” Rev. of Poetic Designs: An Introduction to Meters, Verse Forms, and Figures of Speech by Stephen Adams; Created Writing: Poetry from New Angles by Paul Agostino; Elements of Alternate Style: Essays on Writing and Revision by Wendy Bishop; The Elephants Teach: Creative Writing since 1880 by D. G. Myers; The Grammar of Fantasy: An Introduction to the Art of Inventing Stories by Gianni Rodari; On the Teaching of Creative Writing by Wallace Stegner. CCC 49.2 (1998): 285-297.

Greenberg, Karen L. “Review Essay: Grading, Evaluating, Assessing: Power and Politics in College Composition.” Rev. of Alternatives to Grading Student Writing by Stephen Tchudi; Situating Portfolios: Four Perspectives by Kathleen Blake Yancey and Irwin Weiser; Assessment of Writing: Politics, Policies, Practices by Edward M. White, William D. Lutz, and Sandra Kamusikiri. CCC 49.2 (1998): 275-284.

Soles, Derek and Virginia Anderson. “Interchanges: Values and Teaching.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 267-274.

Tom Fox; Kristine Hansen; Francis J. Sullivan, Arabella Lyon, Dennis Lebofsky, Susan Wells, and Eli Goldblatt. “Interchanges: Reforming Writing Programs.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 256-266.

Spigelman, Candace. “Habits of Mind: Historical Configurations of Textual Ownership in Peer Writing Groups.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 234-255.


Spigelman argues that cultural ideas about intellectual property rights shape students’ response to collaborative group work and peer review. She examines Western historical tensions between individuality and collectivity in issues of authorship and intellectual property, and applies these insights to one writing group in a first-year composition course at Penn State.


ccc49.2 Groups Writing Students Copyright Ownership PeerGroups Property Labor Authorship IntellectualProperty

Works Cited

Brennan, Patricia. “Timeline: A History of Copyright in the U.S.” Association of Research Libraries. Available on-line: arl.cnLorg/info/frn/copy/timeline.
Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. The Printing Press as an Agent of Change. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1980.
Feather, John. “From Rights in Copies to Copyright: The Recognition of Authors’ Rights in English Law and Practice in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.” Cardozo Arts and Entertainment 10 (1992): 455-73.
Ford, Marjorie, Jon Ford, and Ann Watters, eds. Coming from Home: Readings for Writers. New York: McGraw, 1993.
Howard, Rebecca Moore. “Plagiarisms, Authorships, and the Academic Death Penalty.” College English 57 (1995): 788-806.
Kaplan, Benjamin. An Unhurried View of Copyright. New York: Columbia UP, 1967.
Jaszi. Peter. “On the Author Effect: Contemporary Copyright and Collective Creativity.” Woodmansee and Jaszi. eds. Construction 29-56.
—. “Toward a Theory of Copyright: The Metamorphoses of’ Authorship:” Duke Law Journal (1991): 455-502.
Lindey, Alexander. Plagiarism and Originality. New York: Harper, 1952.
Locke, John. The Second Treatise of Government. Ed. Thomas P. Peardon. New York: Liberal Arts P, 1952.
Lunsford, Andrea A., and Lisa Ede. “Collaborative Authorship and the Teaching of Writing.” Woodmansee and Jaszi, Construction 417-38.
—. Singular Texts/Plural Authors: Perspectives on Collaborative Writing. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1990.
Lunsford, Andrea A., and Susan West. ” Intellectual Property and Composition Studies .” CCC47 (1996): 383-41l.
Maimon, Elaine P., Gerald L. Belcher, Gail W. Hearn, Barbara F. Nodine, and Finbarr W. O’Connor. Readings in the Arts and Sciences. Boston: Little, Brown, 1984.
Mallon, Thomas. Stolen Words: Forays into the Origins and Ravages of Plagiarism. New York: Ticknor, 1989.
Miller, Susan. Rescuing the Subject: A Critical Introduction to Rhetoric and the Writer. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1989.
Ong, Walter J. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the World. London: Methuen, 1982.
Rose, Mark. “The Author as Proprietor: Donaldson v. Becket and the Genealogy of Modern Authorship.” Representations 23 (1988): 51-85.
Ross, Marlon B. “Authority and Authenticity: Scribbling Authors and the Genius of Print in Eighteenth-Century England.” Cardozo Arts and Entertainment Law Journal 10 (1992): 495-52l.
Shaw, Peter. “Plagiary.” The American Scholar (1982): 325-37.
Stillinger, Jack. Multiple Authorship and the   Myth of Solitary Genius. New York: Oxford   UP, 1991.
Stowe v. Thomas. Federal Cases 23 (1853): 201-08.
United States Constitution, Art 1. Clause 8, Section 8.
White, Harold Ogden. Plagiarism and Imitation During the English Renaissance: A Study in Critical Distinctions. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1935.
Woodmansee, Martha. “The Genius and the Copyright: Economic and Legal Conditions of the Emergence of the ‘Author.'” Eighteenth Century Studies 17 (1984): 425-48.
—. “On the Author Effect: Recovering Collectivity.” Woodmansee and Jaszi, Construction 15-28.
Woodmansee, Martha, and Peter Jaszi. “The Law of Texts: Copyright in the Academy.” College English 57 (1995): 769-87.
—, eds. The Construction of Authorship: Textual Appropriation in Law and Literature. Durham: Duke UP, 1994.

Adler-Kassner, Linda. “Ownership Revisited: An Exploration in Progressive Era and Expressivist Composition Scholarship.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 208-233.


Adler-Kassner looks at the historical tenets of student ownership of their writing in progressivist pedagogy of the early 1900s and expressivist pedagogy of the 1960s and 1970s. Her concern is that these advocacy approaches are more a reflection of the theorists’ cultural contexts than the students’, and suggests a “new, more useable concept of [student] ownership is emerging” (209) in composition’s work on portfolio assessment and service-learning pedagogies.


ccc49.2 Students Writing Ownership Community Composition Values Experience Language Work Culture Process Expressivism Scholarship Voice

Works Cited

Adler-Kassner, Linda, et. al. Writing the Community: Concepts and Models for Service Learning in Composition. Washington, DC: AAHE, 1997.
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Bacon, Nora. “Community Service Writing: Problems, Challenges, Questions.” in Linda Adler-Kassner, Robert Crooks, and Ann Watters. Writing the Community: Concepts and Models for Service-Learning in Composition. Washington, DC: AAHE, 1997.
Belanoff, Pat. “Portfolios and Literacy: Why?” Black et al. 13-24.
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Lunsford, Andrea and Susan West. ” Intellectual Property and Composition Studies .” CCC 47 (1996): 383-411.
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Sommers, Nancy. “Responding to Student Writing.” CCC 33 (J 982): 148-156.
Spigelman, Candace. ” Habits of Mind: Historical Configurations of Textual Ownership in Peer Writing Groups .” CCC 49 (1998): 234-255.
Stewart, Donald. “Prose With Integrity: A Primary Objective.” CCC 20 (1969): 223­27.
Straub, Richard. ” The Concept of Control in Teacher Response: Defining the Varieties of ‘Directive’ and ‘Facilitative’ Commentary .” CCC 47 (1996): 223-51.
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Zlotkowski, Edward. “Service-Learning: Laying the Foundations for a Successful Course.” CCCC, Phoenix, March 1997.

Farmer, Frank. “Dialogue and Critique: Bakhtin and the Cultural Studies Writing Classroom.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 186-207.


Farmer contends that Cultural Studies can resist becoming an elitist enterprise by the incorporation of Bakhtinian dialogic theory into the pedagogy. The instructor can then best serve as provocateur and moderator of classroom dialogue and critique for “the project of uncovering the hidden truths of the day” (196) found in popular culture, as well as bring students to voice and authority through engagement with the culture within which they live.


ccc49.2 MBakhtin Students Dialogue Critique Superaddressee CulturalStudies Classroom Critic Writing Culture Dialogic

Works Cited

Bakhtin, M. M. “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity.” Art and Answerability: Early Philosophical Essays by M. M. Bakhtin. Ed. Michael Holquist and Vadim Liapunov. Austin: U of Texas P, 1990. 4-256.
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Bartholomae, David, and Anthony Petrosky, eds. Ways of Reading: An Anthology for Writers. 3rd ed. Boston: St. Martin’s, 1993.
Berlin, James A. “Composition Studies and Cultural Studies: Collapsing Boundaries.” Into the Field: Sites of Composition Studies. Ed. Anne Ruggles Gere. New York, MLA, 1993.99-116.
Bernstein, Michael Andre. “When the Carnival Turns Bitter: Preliminary Reflections Upon the Abject Hero.” Bakhtin: Essays and Dialogues on His Work. Ed. Gary Saul Morson. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1986. 99-121.
Bernard-Donais, Michael. “Mikhail Bakhtin: Between Phenomenology and Marxism.” College English 56 (1994): 170-88.
Berube, Michael. Public Access: Literary Theory and American Cultural Politics . London: Verso, 1994.
Bialostosky, Don. “Dialogic Criticism.” Contemporary Literary Theory. Ed G. Douglas Atkins and Laura Morrow. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1989.214-28.
Bocharov, Sergey. “Conversations with Bakhtin.” Trans. Stephen Blackwell. Ed. Vadim Liapunov. PMLA 109 (1994): 1009-24.
Burke, Kenneth. A Grammar of Motives. Berkeley: U of California P, 1969.
Dixon, Kathleen. “Making and Taking Apart ‘Culture’ in the (Writing) Classroom.” Left Margins: Cultural Studies and Composition Pedagogy. Eds. Karen Fitts and Alan W. France. New York: State U of New York P, 1995.99-114.
Eagleton, Terry. Ideology: An Introduction. London: Verso, 1991.
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Fiske, John. “Madonna.” Bartholomae and Petrosky 156-73.
Fogel, Aaron. “Coerced Speech and the Oedipus Dialogue Complex.” Rethinking Bakhtin: Extensions and Challenges. Ed. Gary Saul Morson and Caryl Emerson. Evanston: Northwestern UP, 1989. 173-96.
France, Alan W. “Assigning Places: The Function of Introductory Composition as a Cultural Discourse.” College English 55 (1993): 593-609.
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 1970.
Gardiner, Michael. The Dialogics of Critique: M. M. Bakhtin and the Theory of Ideology. New York: Routledge, 1992.
George, Diana, and Diana Shoos. “Issues of Subjectivity and Resistance: Cultural Studies in the Composition Classroom.” Cultural Studies in the English Classroom. Ed. James A. Berlin and Michael J. Vivion. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 1992.200-10.
Grover, Jan Zita. “AIDS, Keywords, and Cultural Work.” Cultural Studies. Ed. Lawrence Grossberg, Cary Nelson, and Paula Treichler. New York: Routledge, 1992.227-39.
Grossberg, Lawrence. “Pedagogy in the Present: Politics, Postmodernity, and the Present.” Popular Culture. Schooling. and Everyday Life. Ed. Henry Giroux and Roger Simon. New York: Bergin and Garvey, 1989.91-115.
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Harris, Joseph. “The Other Reader.” Journal of Advanced Composition 12 (1992): 27-37.
Holquist, Michael. Dialogism: Bakhtin and His World. New York: Routledge, 1990.
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Brandt, Deborah. “Sponsors of Literacy.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 165-185.


Brandt lays out her theory that literacy learning as an individual development as well as and economic development. By telling the narratives of two women working in the clerical field between 1940 and 1970, she illustrates how literacy learning opportunities exist in fragile and contingent contexts dependant on specific economic moments, and are sponsored, or withheld, by agents who stand to gain some economic advantage by supporting or suppressing such opportunities.


ccc49.2 Literacy Sponsors Writing Learning Reading History Skills Work DLowery University Access

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Bourne, J. M. Patronage and Society In Nineteenth-Century England. London: Edward Arnold, 1986.
 Brandt, Deborah. ” Remembering Reading, Remembering Writing .” CCC 45 (1994): 459-79.
—. “Accumulating Literacy: Writing and Learning to Write in the 20th Century.” College English 57 (1995): 649-68.
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Faigley, Lester. “Veterans’ Stories on the Porch.” History, Reflection and Narrative: The Professionalization of Composition, 1963-1983. Eds. Beth Boehm, Debra Journet, and Mary Rosner. Norwood: Ablex, in press.
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