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Bibliography of Resources on Labor in College Composition

White Papers, Professional Statements, and Reports

Contingent and Adjunct Positions

Workforce Data

Preparation Recommendations

Working Conditions Recommendations

News Stories and Columns

Disciplinary Scholarship (Historical, Contemporary) on Labor

  • Adler-Kassner, Linda. The Activist WPA: Changing Stories About Writing and Writers. Logan: Utah UP, 2008. .
  • Bartholomae, David. “Teaching On and Off the Tenure Track: Highlights from the ADE Survey of Staffing Patterns in English.” Pedagogy, vol. 11, no. 1, 2011, pp. 7-32.
  • Connors, Robert. “Overwork/Underpay: Labor and Status of Composition Teachers since 1880,” In Composition in the Twenty-First Century: Crisis and Change, edited by Lynn Z. Bloom, Donald A Daiker, and Edward M White, Southern Illinois UP, 1996, pp. 47-63.
  • Corbett, Edward P.J. “Teaching Composition: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going,”
  • College Composition and Communication, vol. 38, no. 4, 1987, pp 444-52. 
  • Holbrook, Sue Ellen. “Women’s Work: The Feminizing of Composition Studies.” Rhetoric Review, vol. 9, 1991, pp. 201-229.
  • Klausman, Jeffrey. “Not Just a Matter of Fairness: Adjunct Faculty and Writing Programs in Two-Year Colleges.” Teaching English in the Two-Year College, vol. 37, no. 4, 2010, pp. 363-71.
  • Robertson, Linda R., et al. “The Wyoming Conference Resolution Opposing Unfair Salaries and Working Conditions for Post-Secondary Teachers of Writing.” College English, vol. 49, no. 3, 1987, pp. 274-80.
  • Sledd, James. “Disciplinarity and Exploitation: Compositionists as Good Professionals.” Workplace: A Journal of Academic Labor, 4.1 (2001).
  • —. “Return to Service.” Composition Studies, 28.2 (Fall 2000): 11-32. Web.
  • —. “Why the Wyoming Resolution Had to Be Emasculated: A History and a Quixotism.” Journal of Advanced Composition,11.2 (Fall 1991): 269-281. 
  • Soliday, Mary. “Symposium: English 1999, Class Dismissed.” College English. 61.1 (July 1999): 731-741.
  • Trimbur, John and Barbara Cambridge. “The Wyoming Conference Resolution: A Beginning.” Writing Program Administration, v. 12, no. 1-2, Fall/Winter 1988, 13-

Labor Focused Scholarship and Critique in Writing Studies

  • Bérubé, Michael. “The Blessed of the Earth.” Will Teach for Food: Academic Labor in Crisis, edited by Cary Nelson, U of Minnesota P, 1997, pp. 153-78.
  • Bousquet, Marc Tony Scott, and Leo Parascondola, eds. Tenured Bosses, Disposable Teachers: Writing Instruction in the Managed University. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2004.
  • Bousquet, Marc. “The Rhetoric of ‘Job Market’ and the Reality of the Academic Labor System.” College English, vol. 44, no..2, 2003: 207–28.
  • College Composition and Communication, Special Issue on Political Economies of
    Composition. Vol 68, No. 1, September 2016.
  • Cox, Anicca, et al. “The Indianapolis Resolution: Responding to Twenty-First-Century Exigencies/Political Economies of Composition Labor,”  vol. 68, no. 1, Sept. 2016, 2016, pp. 38-67.
  • Fulwiler, Megan, and Jennifer Marlow. Con Job: Stories of Adjunct and Contingent Labor. Computers and Composition Digital Press/Utah State UP, 2014.
  • Hansen, Kristine. “Face to Face with Part-Timers: Ethics and the Professionalization of Writing Faculties.” Resituating Writing: Constructing and Administering Writing Programs, edited by Joseph Janangelo and Kristine Hansen, Boynton/Cook, 1995, pp. 23-45.
  • Harris, Joseph. “Meet the New Boss, Same as the Old Boss: Class Consciousness in Composition. College Composition and Communication, 52 (2000): 43-68.
  • Hassel, Holly, and Joanne Baird Giordano. “Occupy Writing Studies: A Redefinition of College Composition by the Teaching Majority.” College Composition and  Communication on “The Profession.” 65.1 (September 2013): 117-139. Print.
  • Kahn, Seth, William Lalicker, and Amy Lynch-Biniek. Contingency, Exploitation, and Solidarity: Labor and Action in English Composition. WAC Clearinghouse, 2017.
  • Kezar, Adrianna. “Spanning the Great Divide Between Tenure-Track and Nontenure-
    Track Faculty
    .” Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, November–December
  • Lamos, Steve “Credentialing College Writing Teachers: WPAs and Labor Reform.” WPA: Writing Program Administration, 35.1 (Fall/Winter 2011): 45-72. Print.  
  • Lamos, Steve. “Toward Job Security for Teaching-Track Composition Faculty: Recognizing and Rewarding Affective-Labor-in-Space.” College English, 78.4 (March 2016): 362-386.
  • McClure, Randall, Dayna V. Goldstein, and Michael A. Pemberton. Labored: The State(ment) and Future of  Work in Composition. Parlor Press, 2017.
  • McMahon, Deirdre, and Ann Green. “Gender, Contingent Labor and Writing Studies.” Academe, vol. 94, no. 6, 2008, pp. 16-19.
  • Mendenhall, Annie S. “The Composition Specialist as Flexible Expert: Identity and Labor in the History of Composition.” College English, vol. 77, no. 1, 2014, pp. 11-31.
  • Miller, Thomas. “Why Don’t our Graduate Programs Do a Better Job of Preparing Students for the Work that We do?” WPA: Writing Program Administration. 24.3 (Spring 2011): 41-58. Print.
  • Murphy, Michael. “New Faculty for a New University: Toward a Full-Time Teaching-Intensive Faculty Track in Composition.” College Composition and Communication, 52.1 (Sept. 2000): 14-42.
  • Nelson, Cary. “Between Crisis and Opportunity: The Future of the Academic Workforce.” Will Teach for Food: Academic Labor in Crisis, edited by Cary Nelson, U of Minnesota P, 1997, pp. 3-31.
  • Penrose, Ann. “Professional Identity in a Contingent-Labor Profession: Expertise, Autonomy, and Community in Composition Teaching.” Writing Program Administration, v. 35, no. 2, Spring 2012, pp. 108-126.
  • Ritter, Kelly. “‘Ladies Who Don’t Know Us Correct Our Papers’: Postwar Lay Reader
    Programs and Twenty-First Century Contingent Labor in First-Year Writing.” College
    Composition and Communication
    , 63.3(2012): 387-419.
  • Schell, Eileen. Gypsy Academics and Mother-Teachers: Gender, Contingent Labor, and Writing Instruction. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers, 1998.
  • Schell, Eileen and Patricia Lambert Stock. Moving a Mountain: Transforming the Role of Contingent Faculty in Composition Studies and Higher Education. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 2001. Print.
  • Schell, Eileen. “The Cost of Caring: ‘Feminism” and Contingent Women Workers in Composition Studies.” Feminism and Composition: In Other Words, edited by Susan Jarratt and Lynn Worsham. MLA, 1998, pp. 74-93.
  • Tirelli, Vincent. “Adjuncts and More Adjuncts: Labor Segmentation and the Transformation of Higher Education.” Social Text, vol. 51, 1997, pp. 75–91.

Sources on Higher Education, Labor, and Advocacy

  • Baldwin, Roger G., and Matthew R. Wawrzynski. “Contingent Faculty as Teachers: What We Know; What We Need to Know.” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 55, no. 11, 2011, pp. 1485-509.
  • Benjamin, Ernst, and Michael Mauer, eds. Academic Collective Bargaining. New York: MLA, 2006.
  • Benjamin, Ernst. “How Over-Reliance On Contingent Appointments Diminishes Faculty Involvement in Student Learning.” Peer Review, vol. 5, no. 1, 2002, p. 4.
  • Berry, Joe. Reclaiming the Ivory Tower: Organizing Adjuncts to Change Higher Education, Monthly Review P, 2005.
  • Cross, John G., and Edie N. Goldenberg. “Why Hire Non-Tenure-Track Faculty?Peer Review, vol. 5, no. 1, 2002.
  • Eagan, M. Kevin, et al. “Supporting the Academic Majority: Policies and Practices Related to Part-Time Faculty’s Job Satisfaction.” The Journal of Higher Education, vol. 86, no. 3, 2015, pp. 448-80.
  • Ehrenberg, Ronald and Liang Zhang. “Do Tenured and Tenure-Track Faculty Matter?Cornell Higher Education Research Institute Working Paper #53, 2004.
  • Gavaskar, Vandana. “Can the Subaltern Speak? Contingent Faculty and Institutional
    Narratives.” Forum, College Composition and Communication, vol. 64, no. 1, 2012, pp. A1-A3.
  • Gilbert, Daniel A. “The Generation of Public Intellectuals: Corporate Universities, Graduate Employees and the Academic Labor Movement.” Labor Studies Journal, vol. 38, no. 32, 2013, pp. 32-46.
  • Grigs, Claudine. “Off the Tenure Track: The Tenuous Act of Adjuncting.” Forum: Issues about Part-Time and Contingent Faculty, vol. 12, no. 1, 2008, pp. A3-A5.
  • Hammer, Brad. “The ‘Service’ of Contingency: Outsiderness and the Commodification of Teaching.” Forum, College Composition and Communication, vol. 64, no. 1, 2012, pp. A3-A7.
  • Hammer, Brad. “From the Editor: The Need for Research in ‘Contingency Studies.’ Forum: Newsletter for Issues about Part-Time and Contingent Faculty, vol 14., no. 1, 2010, pp. A1-A3.
  • Jacoby, Daniel. “Effect of Part Time Faculty Employment on Community College Graduation Rates.” The Journal of Higher Education, vol. 77, no. 6, 2006, pp. 1081- 103.
  • Maisto, Maria. “Adjuncts, Class, and Fear.” Working-Class Perspectives, 23 Sept. 2013.
  • Mattson, Kevin. “How I Became a Worker.” Steal This University: The Rise of the Corporate University and the Academic Labor Movement, edited by Benjamin Johnson et al. Routledge, 2003, pp. 87-96.
  • Maynard, Douglas C., and Todd Allen Joseph. “Are All Part-Time Faculty Underemployed? The Influence of Faculty Status Preference on Satisfaction and Commitment.” Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, vol. 55, no. 2, 2008, pp. 139-54.
  • Nardo, Anna K. “Our Tangled Web: Research Mandates and Staffing Practices.” Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition, and Culture, vol. 11, no. 1, 2010, pp. 43-50.
  • Schell, Eileen.  “Toward a New Labor Movement in Higher Education: Contingent Faculty and Organizing for Change.” Workplace. N.p., 2001 (4.1). Web. 8 Nov. 2009.
  • Street, Steve. “Don’t Pit Tenure Against Contingent Faculty Rights.” Academe, vol. 94, no. 3, 2008, pp. 35-37.
  • Thedwall, Kate. “Nontenure-Track Faculty: Rising Numbers, Lost Opportunities.” New Directions for Higher Education, vol. 143, 2008, pp. 11–19.
  • Torgovnick, Marianna. “How to Handle an Adjunct.” College Composition and Communication, vol. 33, no. 4, 1982, pp. 454-56.
  • Wyche-Smith, Susan and Shirley K. Rose. “One Hundred Ways to Make the Wyoming Resolution a Reality: A Guide to Personal and Political Action.” College Composition and Communication, vol. 41, no. 3, October 1990, pp. 318-324.

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