Click here to view the individual articles in this issue at http://www.ncte.org/cccc/ccc/issues/v51-4
Porter, James E., et. al. “Institutional Critique: A Rhetorical Methodology for Change.” CCC 51.4 (2000): 610-642.
We offer institutional critique as an activist methodology for changing institutions. Since institutions are rhetorical entities, rhetoric can be deployed to change them. In its effort to counter oppressive institutional structures, the field of rhetoric and composition has focused its attention chiefly on the composition classroom, on the department of English, and on disciplinary forms of critique. Our focus shifts the scene of action and argument to professional writing and to public discourse, using spatial methods adapted from postmodern geography and critical theory.
ccc51.4 BraddockAward InstitutionalCritique Change Activism Spatial Action University Mapping PostmodernGeography Material Institution
- Benhabib, Seyla. Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics. New York: Routledge, 1992.
- Berlin, James A., and Michael J. Vivion, eds. Cultural Studies in the English Classroom. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann- Boynton/Cook, 1992.
- Bï¿½rubï¿½, Michael. The Employment of English: Theory, Jobs, and the Future of Literary Studies. New York: New York UP, 1998.
- Blyler, Nancy Roundy, and Charlotte Thralls, eds. Professional Communication: The Social Perspective. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1993.
- Blythe, Stuart. “Institutional Critique, Postmodern Mapping, and the Department of English.” Conference on College Composition and Communication, March 1998, Chicago, IL.
- —. Technologies and Writing Center Practices: A Critical Approach. Diss. Purdue U, 1997.
- Bourdieu, Pierre. Homo Academicus. Trans. Peter Collier. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1990.
- Bourdieu, Pierre, and Jean-Claude Passeron. Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture. Trans. Richard Nice. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1990.
- Clark, Gregory, and Stephen Doheny-Farina. “Public Discourse and Personal Expression.” Written Communication 7 (1990): 456-81.
- Clifford, John, and John Schilb, eds. Writing Theory and Critical Theory. New York: MLA, 1994.
- Council of Writing Program Administrators. “Evaluating the Intellectual Work of Writing Administration.” Writing Program Administration 22 (1998): 85-104.
- Cushman, Ellen. “Critical Literacy and Institutional Language.” Research in the Teaching of English 33 (1999): 245-74.
- —. “The Rhetorician as an Agent of Social Change.” College Composition and Communication 47 (1996): 7-28.
- —. The Struggle and the Tools: Oral and Literate Strategies in an Inner City Community. Albany: SUNY P, 1998.
- de Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life. Trans. Steven Rendall. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984.
- Downing, David B., ed. Changing Classroom Practices: Resources for Literary and Cultural Studies. Urbana: NCTE, 1994.
- Downing, David B., and James J. Sosnoski, eds. “Cultural Studies and Composition: Conversations in Honor of James Berlin (Special Issue).” Works and Days 14 (1996).
- DuBois, W.E.B. The Souls of Black Folk. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.
- Duin, Ann Hill, and Craig J. Hansen, eds. Nonacademic Writing: Social Theory and Technology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1996.
- Flower, Linda S., and John R. Hayes. “Problem- Solving Strategies and the Writing Process.” College English 39 (1977): 449-61.
- Foucault, Michel. “Of Other Spaces.” Diacritics 16 (1986): 22-27.
- —. “Space, Knowledge, Power.” The Foucault Reader. Ed. Paul Rabinow. New York: Pantheon, 1984. 239-56.
- —. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Vintage, 1979.
- Gere, Anne Ruggles, ed. Into the Field: Sites of Composition Studies. New York: MLA, 1993.
- Giddens, Anthony. The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984.
- Giroux, Henry A. Theory and Resistance in Education: A Pedagogy for the Opposition. South Hadley, MA: Bergin & Garvey, 1983.
- Goffman, Erving. Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates. Garden City: Anchor Books, 1961.
- Grabill, Jeffrey T. Situating Literacies and Community Literacy Programs: A Critical Rhetoric for Institutional Change. Diss. Purdue U, 1997.
- Hansen, Kristine. “Face to Face with Part- Timers: Ethics and the Professionalization of Writing Faculties.” Janangelo and Hansen 23-45.
- Haraway, Donna. “AManifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s.” Reprinted in Feminism/ Postmodernism. Ed. Linda J. Nicholson. New York: Routledge, 1990. 190-233.
- Harvey, David. Justice, Nature, and the Geography of Difference. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1996.
- Horkheimer, Max. Critical Theory: Selected Essays. Trans. Matthew J. O’Connell et al. New York: Herder and Herder, 1972.
- Hurlbert, C. Mark, and Michael Blitz, eds. Composition & Resistance. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1991.
- Janangelo, Joseph. “Theorizing Difference and Negotiating Differends: (Un)naming Writing Programs: Many Complexities and Strengths.” Janangelo and Hansen 3-22.
- Janangelo, Joseph, and Kristine Hansen, eds. Resituating Writing: Constructing and Administering Writing Programs. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1995.
- Kinneavy, James L. A Theory of Discourse: The Aims of Discourse. New York: Norton, 1971.
- Lather, Patti. Getting Smart: Feminist Research and Pedagogy with/in the Postmodern. New York: Routledge, 1991.
- Lauer, Janice M. “The Feminization of Rhetoric and Composition Studies?” Rhetoric Review 13 (1995): 276-86.
- Leitch, Vincent B. Cultural Criticism, Literary Theory, Poststructuralism. New York: Columbia UP, 1992.
- Lewis, Magda. “Interrupting Patriarchy: Politics, Resistance and Transformation in the Feminist Classroom.” Luke and Gore 167-91.
- Luke, Carmen, and Jennifer Gore, eds. Feminisms and Critical Pedagogy. New York: Routledge, 1992.
- Maher, Frances A., and Mary Kay Thompson Tetreault. The Feminist Classroom. New York: Basic Books, 1994.
- Massey, Doreen B. Space, Place, and Gender. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1994.
- —. Spatial Divisions of Labor: Social Structures and the Geography of Production. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 1995.
- McLeod, Susan. “The Foreigner: WAC Directors as Agents of Change.” Janangelo and Hansen 108-16.
- Miles, Elizabeth. Building Rhetorics of Production: An Institutional Critique of Composition Textbook Publishing. Diss. Purdue U, 1999.
- MLA Commission on Professional Service. “Making Faculty Work Visible: Reinterpreting Professional Service, Teaching, and Research in the Fields of Language and Literature.” Profession ’96 (1996): 161-216.
- Nelson, Cary. “How to Reform the MLA: An Opening Proposal.” Profession ’96 (1996): 44-49.
- Odell, Lee, and Dixie Goswami, eds. Writing in Nonacademic Settings. New York: Guilford P, 1985.
- Phelps, Louise Wetherbee. “Becoming a Warrior: Lessons of the Feminist Workplace.” Feminine Principles and Women’s Experience in American Composition and Rhetoric. Eds. Louise Wetherbee Phelps and Janet Emig. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1995. 289-339.
- —. Composition as a Human Science: Contributions to the Self-Understanding of a Discipline. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
- Porter, James E. Rhetorical Ethics and Internetworked Writing. Greenwich: Ablex, 1998.
- Reynolds, Nedra. ” Composition’s Imagined Geographies: The Politics of Space in the Frontier, City, and Cyberspace .” College Composition and Communication 50 (1998): 12-35.
- Roen, Duane. “Writing Administration as Scholarship and Teaching.” Academic Advancement in Composition Studies: Scholarship, Publication, Promotion, Tenure. Ed. Richard C. Gebhardt and Barbara Genelle Smith Gebhardt. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997. 43-56.
- Rose, Gillian. Feminism and Geography: The Limits of Geographical Knowledge. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1993.
- Schuster, Charles I. “Foreword.” Janangelo and Hansen ix-xiv.
- Sibley, David. Geographies of Exclusion: Society and Difference in the West. London: Routledge, 1995.
- Soja, Edward W. Thirdspace: Journeys to Los Angeles and Other Real-and-Imagined Places. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1996.
- Sosnoski, James J. Token Professionals and Master Critics: A Critique of Orthodoxy in Literary Studies. Albany: SUNY P, 1994.
- Sosnoski, James J., and David B. Downing. “A Multivalent Pedagogy for a Multicultural Time: A Diary of a Course.” Pretext 14 (1993): 307-40.
- Spilka, Rachel, ed. Writing in the Workplace: New Research Perspectives. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1993.
- Stanley, Liz. “Feminist Praxis and the Academic Mode of Production: An Editorial Introduction.” Feminist Praxis: Research, Theory, and Epistemology in Feminist Sociology. Ed. Liz Stanley. London: Routledge, 1990. 3-19.
- Street, Brian V. Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1984.
- Sullivan, Patricia, and Jennie Dautermann, eds. Electronic Literacies in the Workplace: Technologies of Writing. Urbana: NCTE/Computers and Composition, 1996.
- Sullivan, Patricia, and James E. Porter. “Remapping Curricular Geography: Professional Writing in/and English.” Journal of Business and Technical Communication 7 (1993): 389-422.
- —. Opening Spaces: Writing Technologies and Critical Research Practices. Greenwich: Ablex, 1997.
- Swales, John. Other Floors, Other Voices: A Textography of a Small University Building. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1998.
- The WPA Executive Committee. “Evaluating the Intellectual Work of Writing Program Administrators: A Draft.” Writing Program Administrator 20 (1996): 92-103.
- Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1990.
Bacon, Nora. “Building a Swan’s Nest for Instruction in Rhetoric.” CCC 51.4 (2000): 589-609.
When a composition teacher incorporated community-based writing assignments into her course, she found that the curriculum did not support students’ transitions to nonacademic settings. Her success in transforming the curriculum suggests that the writing classroom can function not only as a site for “general writing skills instruction” but also for analysis of rhetorical variation.
ccc51.4 Students Writing Texts Community Curriculum NonAcademic Audience Course
- Adler-Kassner, Linda, Robert Crooks, and Ann Watters, eds. Writing the Community: Concepts and Models for Service-Learning in Composition . Washington, DC: American Association for Higher Education, 1997.
- Anderson, Worth, Cynthia Best, Alycia Black, John Hurst, Brandt Miller, and Susan Miller. ” Cross-Curricular Underlife: A Collaborative Report on Ways with Academic Words .” College Composition and Communication 41 (1990): 11-36.
- Anson, Chris M., and L. Lee Forsberg. “Moving Beyond the Academic Community: Transitional Stages in Professional Writing.” Written Communication 7 (1990): 200-31.
- Bacon, Nora. “Student Writers in the Real World.” Experiential Education (Oct. 1990): 8+.
- Bizzell, Patricia. “College Composition: Initiation into the Academic Discourse Community.” Curriculum Inquiry 12 (1982): 191-207.
- Broadhead, Glenn J., and Richard C. Freed . The Variables of Composition: Process and Product in a Business Setting. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1986.
- Connors, Robert. “The New Abolitionism: Toward a Historical Background.” Petraglia 3-26.
- Deans, Thomas. Writing Partnerships: Service-Learning in Rhetoric and Composition . Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, in press.
- Doheny-Farina, Stephen. “Writing in an Emerging Organization: An Ethnographic Study.” Written Communication 3 (1986): 158-85.
- Ede, Lisa. Work in Progress: A Guide to Writing and Revising. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1996.
- Faigley, Lester. “Nonacademic Writing: The Social Perspective.” Odell and Goswami 231-48.
- Faigley, Lester, and Kristine Hansen. “Learning to Write in the Social Sciences.” College Composition and Communication 36 (1985): 140-49.
- Fulkerson, Richard. ” Composition Theory in the Eighties: Axiological Consensus and Paradigmatic Diversity .” College Composition and Communication 41 (1990): 409-29.
- Heilker, Paul. “Rhetoric Made Real: Civil Discourse and Writing Beyond the Curriculum.” Adler-Kassner, Crooks, and Watters 71-76.
- Herrington, Anne J. “Writing in Academic Settings: A Study of the Contexts for Writing in Two College Chemical Engineering Courses.” Research in the Teaching of English 19 (1985): 331-59.
- Hill, Charles A., and Lauren Resnick. “Creating Opportunities for Apprenticeship in Writing.” Petraglia 145-58.
- Lave, Jean, and Etienne Wenger. Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991.
- Matalene, Carolyn B., ed. Worlds of Writing: Teaching and Learning in Discourse Communities of Work. New York: Random House, 1989.
- Odell, Lee, and Dixie Goswami, eds. Writing in Nonacademic Settings. New York: Guilford P, 1985.
- Petraglia, Joseph, ed. Reconceiving Writing, Rethinking Writing Instruction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995.
- Rivers, William E. “From the Garret to the Fishbowl: Thoughts on the Transition from Literary to Technical Writing.” Matalene 64-79.
- Rogoff, Barbara. “Introduction: Thinking and Learning in Social Context.” Everyday Cognition: Its Development in Social Context. Ed. Barbara Rogoff and Jean Lave. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1984. 1-8.
- Watters, Ann, and Marjorie Ford. Writing for Change: A Community Reader. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994.
- Zimmerman, Muriel, and Hugh Marsh. “Storyboarding an Industrial Proposal: A Case Study of Teaching and Producing Writing.” Matalene 203-21.
Gleason, Barbara. “Evaluating Writing Programs in Real Time: The Politics of Remediation.” CCC 51.4 (2000): 560-588.
A case study of the evaluation of a three-year pilot project in mainstreaming basic writers at City College of New York suggests that the social and political contexts of a project need to be taken into account in the earliest stages of evaluation. This project’s complex evaluation report was virtually ignored by college administrators.
ccc51.4 Students Writing Evaluation Courses Remedial BasicWriting Mainstreaming Research Politics
- Adams, Peter Dow. “Basic Writing Reconsidered.” Journal of Basic Writing 12 (1993): 22-36.
- Adelman, Clifford. New College Course Map and Transcript Files: Changes in Course- Taking and Achievement, 1972-1993. U.S. Department of Education Report, 1995. Washington, D.C.: U. S. Government Printing Office.
- Arenson, Karen. “With New Admissions Policy, CUNY Steps Into the Unknown.” The New York Times 28 May 1998: A1.
- Astin, Alexander W. What Matters in College? Four Critical Years Revisited. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993.
- Baker, Tracey, and Peggy Jolly. “The ‘Hard Evidence’: Documenting the Effectiveness of a Basic Writing Program.” Journal of Basic Writing 18 (1999): 27-39.
- Barry, Dan. “For Assemblyman, Hearing Turns Into Night in a Jail Cell.” The New York Times 28 May 1998: B6.
- Bartholomae, David. “The Tidy House: Basic Writing in the American Curriculum.” Journal of Basic Writing 12 (1993): 4-21.
- Bartholomae, David, and Anthony Petrosky, eds. Facts, Artifacts, and Counterfacts: Theory and Method for a Reading and Writing Course. Upper Montclair, NJ: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1986.
- Buettner, Russ. “Few at Hostos Pass HS Level English Exam.” Daily News 17 September 1997: 8.
- —. “CCNY’s Fall from Grace.” Daily News 23 November 1997: 28-29.
- CCCC Committee on Assessment. “Writing Assessment: A Position Statement.” College Composition and Communication 46 (1995): 430-37.
- City Facts 1998-1999. City College of New York Office of Institutional Research, 3.
- Crain, William, and Barbara Gleason. “Skills Tests Block Opportunity at CUNY.” The Knowledge Factory. Official Newsletter of the CCNY chapter of the PSC-CUNY Dec.-Jan. 1997: 57. Rpt. in The New York Amsterdam News 11 Dec.-17 Dec. 1997: 13, 30.
- Crowley, Sharon. “A Personal Essay on Freshman English.” PreText 12 (1991): 156-76.
- Davis, Barbara Gross, Michael Scriven, and Susan Thomas. The Evaluation of Composition Instruction. 2nd ed. New York: Teachers College P, 1987.
- Dougherty, Kevin. The Contradictory College: The Conflicting Origins, Impacts, and Futures of the Community College. Albany: SUNY P, 1994.
- Elbow, Peter, and Pat Belanoff. “State University of New York at Stony Brook Portfolio-based Evaluation Program.” Portfolios: Process and Product. Eds. Pat Belanoff and Marcia Dickson. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann- Boynton/Cook, 1991. 3-16.
- Englehard, George, Jr., Belita Gordon, and Stephen Gabrielson. “The Influences of Mode of Discourse, Experiential Demand, and Gender on the Quality of Student Writing.” Research in the Teaching of English 26 (1992): 315-36.
- Gilyard, Keith. Report on the FIPSE Enrichment Approach Pilot Project at The City College of The City University of New York. February 1997.
- —. Voices of the Self: A Study of Language Competence. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1991.
- Gleason, Barbara. “Something of Great Constancy: Storytelling, Story Writing, and Academic Literacy.” Attending to the Margins: Writing, Researching, and Teaching on the Front Lines. Eds. Michelle Hall Kells and Valerie Balester. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann-Boynton/ Cook, 1999. 97-113.
- —. “When the Writing Test Fails: Assessing Assessment at an Urban College.” Writing in Multicultural Settings. Eds. Carol Severino, Juan C. Guerra, and Johnella E. Butler. New York: MLA, 1997. 307-24.
- Gleason, Barbara, and Mary Soliday. The City College Writing Program: An Enrichment Approach to Language and Literacy. FIPSE Application Proposal No. P116A30689. 3 March 1993.
- —. The City College Writing Program: An Enrichment Approach to Language and Literacy: Three Year Pilot Project, 1993-1996, Final Report. FIPSE Grant No. P116A30689. May 1997.
- Gonzalez, David. “History Moves a Professor to Protest.” The New York Times 30 May 1998: B1.
- Grego, Rhonda, and Nancy Thompson. “Repositioning Remediation.” College Composition and Communication 47 (1996): 62-84.
- Groden, Suzy Q. Evaluation Report of “An Enrichment Approach to Language and Learning” at The City College of The City University of New York: Year One of a Three-Year FIPSE Pilot Project. November 1994.
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- Guba, Egon G., and Yvonne S. Lincoln. Fourth Generation Evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1989.
- Hairston, Maxine. “What Freshman Directors Need to Know about Evaluating Writing Programs.” WPA: Writing Program Administration 3 (1979): 11-16.
- Heath, Shirley Brice. Ways with Words: Language, Life, and Work in Communities and Classrooms. New York: Cambridge UP, 1983.
- Herbert, Bob. “Cleansing CUNY.” The New York Times 28 May 1998: A29.
- “Hostos Victory a CUNY Failure.” Daily News 16 July 1997: 32.
- Janger, Matthew. A Statistical Analysis of Student Progress and Achievement in the Pilot Writing Project at City College of New York. May 1997.
- Kutz, Eleanor, Suzy Q. Groden, and Vivian Zamel. The Discovery of Competence: Teaching and Learning with Diverse Student Writers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1993.
- Lavin,David E., Richard D. Alba, and Richard A. Silberstein. Right Versus Privilege: The Open Admissions Experiment at the City University of New York. New York: Free P, 1981.
- Lavin, David E., and David Hyllegard. Changing the Odds: Open Admissions and the Life Chances of the Disadvantaged. New Haven: Yale UP, 1996.
- Lavin, David E., and Elliot Weininger. New Admissions Policy & Changing Access to CUNY’s Senior and Community Colleges: What are the Stakes? Prepared for Higher Education Committee, The New York City Council. CUNY Graduate School and University Center. May 1999.
- Leo, John. “A University’s Sad Decline.” U.S. News and World Report. 15 August 1994: 20.
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- MacDonald, Heather. “Downward Mobility: The Failure of Open Admissions at City University.” City Journal Summer 1994: 10-20.
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- McCourt, Frank. “Hope and Education.” The New York Times 21 May 1998: A33.
- Otheguy, Ricardo. The Condition of Latinos in the City University of New York; A Report to the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and to the Puerto Rican Council on Higher Education. June 1990.
- Pattison, Robert. On Literacy: The Politics of the Word from Homer to the Age of Rock. New York: Oxford UP, 1982.
- Phelps, Louise Wetherbee. “The Institutional Logic of Writing Programs: Catalyst, Laboratory, and Pattern for Change.” The Politics of Writing Instruction: Postsecondary. Eds. Richard H. Bullock and John Trimbur. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann-Boynton/ Cook, 1991. 155-70.
- Presley, John. “Evaluating Developmental English Programs in Georgia.” WPA: Writing Program Administration 8 (1984): 47-56.
- Purves, Alan C. “Apologia Not Accepted.” College Composition and Communication 46 (1995): 549-51.
- Purvis, Teresa M. “The Two-Year Community College: Into the 21st Century.” College Composition and Communication 46 (1995): 557-65.
- Rodby, Judith. “Revising a First-Year Writing Program: Cultural Studies Workshops Replace Basic Writing.” Conference in College Composition and Communication, Washington D.C., March 1995.
- Rose, Mike. “Remedial Writing Courses: A Critique and a Proposal.” College English 45 (1983): 109-28.
- —. “The Language of Exclusion: Writing Instruction at the University.” College English 47 (1985): 341-59.
- Royer, Daniel J., and Roger Gilles. “Directed Self-Placement: An Attitude of Orientation.” College Composition and Communication 50(1998): 54-70.
- Shaughnessy, Mina. “Open Admissions and the Disadvantaged Teacher.” College Composition and Communication 24 (1973): 401-04.
- Soliday, Mary. “Translating Self and Difference through Literacy Narratives.” College English 56 (1994): 511-26.
- Soliday, Mary, and Barbara Gleason. “From Remediation to Enrichment: Evaluating a Mainstreaming Project.” Journal of Basic Writing 16 (1997): 64-78.
- Staples, Brent. “Blocking Promising Students from City University.” The New York Times 26 May 1998: A20.
- Sternglass, Marilyn S. Time to Know Them: A Longitudinal Study of Writing and Learning at the College Level. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997.
- Traub, James. “Annals of Education: Class Struggle.” The New Yorker 20 September 1994: 76-90.
- —. City on a Hill: Testing the American Dream at City College. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.
- Ward, Marc. “Myths about College English as a Second Language.” Chronicle of Higher Education 26 September 1997.
- Watson, Judith. CUNY Remediation/ESL Backgrounder. CUNY Board of Trustees Office. Undated manuscript.
- White, Edward. “Apologia for the Timed Impromptu Essay Test.” College Composition and Communication 46 (1995): 30-45.
- —. Developing Successful College Writing Programs. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass, 1989.
- Wiener, Jon. “School Daze.” Review of City on a Hill by James Traub. The Nation 7 November 1994: 522.
- “Will Hostos Ever Learn?” Daily News 22 September 1997: 24.
- Witte, Stephen, and Lester Faigley. Evaluating College Writing Programs. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP. 1983.
Comfort, Juanita Rodgers. “Becoming a Writerly Self: College Writers Engaging Black Feminist Essays.” CCC 51.4 (2000): 540-559.
This article asserts that personal essays by black feminist writers such as June Jordan might be used to teach first-year and advanced student writers how to connect their personal and social identities in ways that will enhance the rhetorical impact of their writing while transcending mere “confession” or self-indulgence.
ccc51.4 JJordan AfricanAmerican Feminism Personal Writers Students Essay Women Essay Identity
- Collins, Patricia Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge, 1990.
- Crowley, Sharon. A Teacher’s Introduction to Deconstruction. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1989.
- Drew, Julie. “Cultural Composition: Stuart Hall on Ethnicity and the Discursive Turn.” JAC 18 (1998): 171-96.
- Forman, Janis, ed. What Do I Know: Reading, Writing, and Teaching the Essay. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1996.
- Halloran, S. Michael. “On the End of Rhetoric, Classical and Modern.” Professing the New Rhetorics: A Sourcebook. Eds. Theresa Enos and Stuart C. Brown. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Blair/Prentice, 1994. 331-43.
- Harris, Wendell. “Reflections on the Peculiar Status of the Personal Essay.” College English 58 (1996): 934-53.
- Harvey, Gordon. “Presence in the Essay.” College English 56 (1994): 642-54.
- hooks, bell. Black Looks: Race and Representation. Boston: South End, 1992.
- Jordan, June. “Requiem for the Champ.” Technical Difficulties: African-American Notes on the State of the Union. Ed. June Jordan. New York: Vintage/Random, 1994. 221-26.
- Kirsch, Gesa E., and Joy S. Ritchie. ” Beyond the Personal: Theorizing a Politics of Location in Composition Research .” College Composition and Communication 46 (1995): 7-29.
- Kitzinger, Celia. “Liberal Humanism as an Ideology of Social Control: The Regulation of Lesbian Identities.” Shotter and Gergen 83-98.
- Mittlefehldt, Pamela Klass. “AWeaponry of Choice: Black American Women Writers and the Essay.” Politics of the Essay: Feminist Perspectives. Eds. Ruth- Ellen Boetcher Joeres and Elizabeth Mittman. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1993. 196-208.
- Morrison, Toni. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1992.
- Murray, Kevin. “Construction of Identity in the Narratives of Romance and Comedy.” Shotter and Gergen 177-205.
- Shotter, John, and Kenneth J. Gergen. Texts of Identity. London: Sage, 1989.
- Spellmeyer, Kurt. “A Common Ground: The Essay in the Academy.” College English 51 (1989): 262-76.
- West, Cornell. “The New Cultural Politics of Difference.” October 53 (Summer 1990): 93-109.