Click here to view the individual articles in this issue at http://www.ncte.org/cccc/ccc/issues/v47-4
Amy J. Devitt. “Review Essay: Genre, Genres, and the Teaching of Genre.” Rev. of Genre Knowledge in Disciplinary Communication: Cognition/Culture/Power by Carol Berkenkotter and Thomas N. Huckin; Genre and the New Rhetoric by Aviva Freedman and Peter Medway; Learning and Teaching Genre by Aviva Freedman and Peter Medway. CCC 47.4 (1996): 605-615.
Gottschalk, Katherine K., et al. “Interchanges: Contested Ground: Defining Writing Courses.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 594-604.
Charney, Davida. “Empiricism Is Not a Four-Letter Word.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 567-593.
ccc47.4 Research Methods Science Scientists Objectivity Critics Qualitative Empiricism Knowledge Authority Discourse
- Bazerman, Charles. Shaping Written KnowlÂedge: The Genre and Activity of the ExperimenÂtal Article in Science. Madison: D of Wisconsin P. 1989.
- Bereiter, Carl. “Implications of PostmodernÂism for Science, or, Science as Progressive Discourse.” Educational Psychologist 2 9 (1994): 3-12.
- Bereiter, Carl and Marlene Scardamalia. The Psychology of Written Composition. Hillsdale: Erlbaum, 1987.
- Berlin, James. “Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class.” College English 50 (1988): 477-94.
- Bizzell, Patricia. “Thomas Kuhn, Scientism, and English Studies.” College English 40 (1979): 764-71.
- Blakeslee, Ann. “Inventing Scientific Discourse: Dimensions of Rhetorical Knowledge in PhysÂics.” Diss. Carnegie Mellon D, 1993.
- Blyler, Nancy Roundy. “Research as Ideology in Professional Communication.” Technical Communication Quarterly 4 (1995): 285-313.
- Charney, Davida. “A Study in Rhetorical Reading: How Evolutionists Read ‘The Spandrels of San Marco.”’ Understanding Scientific Prose. Ed. Jack Selzer. Madison: U of Wisconsin P. 1993. 203-31.
- Connors, Robert J. “Composition Studies and Science.” College English 45 (1983): 1-20.
- Cross, Geoffrey. “Ethnographic Research in Business and Technical Writing: Between Extremes and Margins.” Journal of Business and Technical Communication 8 (1994): 118-34.
- Cushman, Ellen. ” The Rhetorician as an Agent of Social Change .” CCC 47 (1996): 7-28.
- Dombrowski, Paul. “Post-Modernism as the Resurgence of Humanism in Technical Communication Studies.” Technical CommuÂnication Quarterly 4 (1995): 165-85.
- Fahnestock, Jeanne. “Accommodating Science: The Rhetorical Life of Scientific Facts.” Written Communication 3 (1986): 275-96.
- Fahnestock, Jeanne, and Marie Secor. “The Stases in Scientific and Literary Argument.” Written Communication 5 (1988): 427-43.
- Faigley, Lester. “Nonacademic Writing: The Social Perspective.” Writing in NonÂacademic Settings. Eds. Lee Odell and Dixie Goswami. New York: Guilford, 1985. 3-83.
- Fitzgerald, Jill. “Research on Revision in Writing.” Review of Educational Research 57 (1987): 481-506.
- Flower, Linda. ” Cognition, Context, and Theory Building .” CCC 40 (1989): 282-311.
- Flynn, Elizabeth. ” Feminism and Scientism .” CCC 46 (1995): 353-69.
- Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. “Informed Consent in Anthropological Research: We Are Not Exempt.” Human Organization 53 (1994): 1-10.
- Haack, Susan. Evidence and Inquiry: Towards Reconstruction in Epistemology. Oxford: BlackÂwell, 1993.
- Harding, Sandra. “Is There a Feminist MethÂod?” Feminism and Science. Ed. Nancy Tuana. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1989. 17-32.
- Hayes, John R. “Taking Criticism Seriously.” RTE 27 (1993): 305-15.
- Herndl, Carl G. ” Teaching Discourse and ReÂproducing Culture: A Critique of Research and Pedagogy in Professional and Non-AcÂademic Writing .” CCC 44 (1993): 349-63.
- —. “Writing Ethnography: RepresentaÂtion, Rhetoric, and Institutional Practices.” College English 53 (1991): 320-32.
- Hidi, Suzanne, and Valerie Anderson. “Producing Written Summaries: Task Demands, Cognitive Operations, ImplicaÂtions for Instruction.” Review of Educational Research 56 (1986): 473-93.
- Jayaratne, Toby E., and Abigail Stewart. “Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in the Social Sciences.” Beyond Methodology: Feminist Scholarship as Lived Research. Eds. Mary Fonow and Judith Cook. BloomingÂton: Indiana UP, 1991. 85-106.
- Kaufer, David, and Kathleen Carley. CommuÂnication at a Distance: The Influence of Print on Sociocultural Organization and Change. HillsÂdale: Erlbaum, 1993.
- Kirsch, Gesa and Joy S. Ritchie. ” Beyond the Personal: Theorizing a Politics of Location in Composition Research .” CCC 46.1 (1995): 7-29.
- Kitcher, Philip. The Advancement of Science: SciÂence without Legend. Objectivity without Illusions. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.
- Lay. Mary. “Feminist Theory and the ReÂdefinition of Technical Communication.” Journal of Business and Technical CommunicaÂtion 5 (1991): 348-70.
- MacDonald, Susan Peck. Professional Academic Writing in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1994.
- Paludi, M. A. and L. A. Strayer. “What’s in an Author’s Name? Differential Evaluations of Performance as a Function of Author’s Name.” Sex Roles 12 (1984): 353-61.
- Paul, Danette, and Davida Charney. “IntroÂducing Chaos into Science and EngineerÂing: Effects of Rhetorical Strategies on Scientific Readers.” Written Communication 12 (1995): 396-438.
- Peplau, Letitia, and Eva Conrad. “Beyond Nonsexist Research: The Perils of Feminist Methods in Psychology.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 13 (1989): 379-400.
- Perelman, Chaim, and Lucille OlbrechtsÂ-Tyteca. The New Rhetoric. Notre Dame UP, 1969.
- Popper, Karl. In Search of a Better World. London: Routledge, 1992.
- —. The Open Society and Its Enemies, Vol. 2, 5th ed. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1971.
- Porter, Theodore. Trust in Numbers: The PurÂsuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1995.
- Risman, Barbara. “Methodological ImplicaÂtions of Feminist Scholarship.” The American Sociologist 24 (1993): 15-25.
- Rowan, Katherine. “Moving Beyond the What to the Why: Differences in ProfesÂsional and Popular Science Writing.” Journal of Technical Writing and CommunicaÂtion 19 (1989): 161-79.
- Rymer, Jone. “Scientific Composing ProcessÂes: How Eminent Scientists Write Journal Articles.” Advances in Writing Research Vol. 2. Ed. David Jolliffe. Norwood: Ablex, 1988. 211-50.
- Selzer, Jack, ed. Understanding Scientific Prose. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1993.
- Shumway, David R. “Science, Theory, and the Politics of Empirical Studies in the EnÂglish Department.” Writing Theory and CritiÂcal Theory. Eds. John Clifford and John Schilb. New York: MLA, 1994. 148-58.
- Swales, John. Genre Analysis: English in AcaÂdemic and Research Settings. Cambridge, England: Cambridge UP, 1990.
- Thompson, Dorothea. “Arguing for ExperiÂmental Facts in Science: A Study of ReÂsearch Article Results Sections in Biochemistry.” Written Communication 10 (1993): 106-30.
- Watson, Richard. “Ozymandias, King of Kings: Postprocessual Radical Archaeology as Critique.” American Antiquity 55 (1990): 673-89.
- Winsor, Dorothy. “The Construction of Knowledge in Organizations: Asking the Right Questions about the Challenger.” Journal of Business and Technical CommunicaÂtion 4 (1990): 7-20.
- —. “An Engineer’s Writing and the Corporate Construction of Knowledge.” Written Communication 6 (1989): 270-85.
Huot, Brian. “Toward a New Theory of Writing Assessment.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 549-566.
Huot claims many composition teachers are frustrated by or uninterested in writing assessment in part because current writing assessments suffer from positivist assumptions. Tests therefore are invalid and problematic. To solve these problems, Huot proposes a theory of writing assessment that would lead to testing measures. New writing assessments would have a recognizable theoretical foundation and take into account localized context and rhetoric as assessment factors.
ccc47.4 Assessment Writing Students Context Raters Reliability Placement Validity Reading Ability Methods
- Allen, Michael. “Valuing Differences: PortÂnet’s First Year.” Assessing Writing 2 (1995): 67-90.
- Barritt, Loren, Patricia L. Stock, and Francelia Clark. “Researching Practice: Evaluating Assessment Essays.” CCC 37 (1986): 315-27.
- de Beaugrande, Robert. and Wolfgang Dressler. Introduction to Text Linguistics. New York: Longman, 1981.
- Berlak, Harold. “Toward the Development of a New Science of Educational Testing and Assessment.” Toward a New Science of EducaÂtional Testing and Assessment. Ed. Harold BerÂlak et al. Albany, New York: State U of New York P, 1992, 181-206.
- Brown, George and Gillian Yule. Discourse Analysis. New York: Cambridge UP, 1983.
- Carini. Patricia F. Observation and Description: An Alternative Methodology for the InvestigaÂtion of Human Phenomenon. Grand Forks, North Dakota Study Group on Evaluation, 1975.
- Cherry, Roger and Paul Meyer. “Reliability Issues in Holistic Assessment.” Williamson and Huot 109-41.
- Cronbach, Lee J. “Five Perspectives on ValidÂity Argument.” Test Validity. Ed. Harold Wainer. Hillside: Erlbaum, 1988. 3-17.
- Diederich, Paui. John W. French and Sydell T. Carlton. Factors in Judgments of Writing Quality. Princeton: Educational Testing SerÂvice, 1961. RB No. 61-15. ERIC ED 002 172.
- Durst, Russel K., Marjorie Roemer, and Lucille Schultz. “Portfolio Negotiations: Acts in Speech.” New Directions in Portfolio Assessment. Ed. Laurel Black, Donald A. Daiker, Jeffrey Sommers, and Gail Stygail. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1994. 286-300.
- Elbow, Peter and Patricia Belanoff. “State University of New York at Stony Brook Portfolio-based Evaluation Program.” PortÂfolios: Process and Product. Ed. Pat Belanoff and Marcia Dickson. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1991. 3-16.
- Englehard, George Jr., Belita Gordon, and Stephen Gabrielson. “The Influences of Mode of Discourse, Experiential Demand, and Gender on the Quality of Student Writing.” Research in the Teaching of English 26 (1992): 315-36.
- Faigley, Lester, Roger Cherry, David A. JolÂliffe, and Anna M. Skinner. Assessing WritÂers’ Knowledge and Processes of Composing. Norwood: Ablex, 1985.
- Guba, Egon G. “The Alternative Paradigm Dialog.” The Paradigm Dialog. Ed. Egon G. Guba. Newbury Park: Sage, 1990. 17-27.
- Guba, Evon G., Lincoln, Yvonna S. Fourth Generation Evaluation. Newbury Park: Sage, 1989.
- Halliday, Michael. Language as Social Semiotic. Baltimore: Arnold, 1978.
- Harris, Joseph. Personal Correspondence, June, 1996.
- Haswell, Richard and Susan Wyche-Smith. “A Two-Tiered Rating Procedure for PlaceÂment Essays.” Assessment in Practice: Putting Principles to Work on College Campuses. Ed. Trudy Banta. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, 1995.204-07.
- Huot, Brian. “The Influence of Holistic Scoring Procedures on Reading and Rating Student Essays.” Williamson and Huot 206-36.
- Labov, William, ed. Locating Language in Time and Space. New York: Academic, 1980.
- Levinson, Stephen C. Pragmatics. New York: Cambridge UP, 1983.
- Messick, Samuel. “Meaning and Values in Test Validation: The Science and Ethics of Assessment.” Educational Researcher 18.2 (1989): 5-11.
- Moss, Pamela A. “Can There be Validity Without Reliability?” Educational Researcher 23.2 (1994): 5-12.
- —. “Enlarging the Dialogue in EducationÂal Measurement: Voices From Interpretive Research Traditions.” Educational Researcher 25.1 (1996): 20-28.
- —. “Shifting Conceptions of Validity in Educational Measurement: Implications for Performance Assessment.” Review of Educational Research 62 (1992): 229-58.
- —. “Validity in High Stakes Writing Assessment Problems and Possibilities.” Assessing Writing (1994): 109-28.
- Pula, Judith J., and Brian Huot “A Model of Background Influences on Holistic Raters.” Williamson and Huot. 237-65.
- Purves Allan C. “Apologia Not Accepted.” CCC 46 (1995): 549-50.
- —. “Reflections on Research and AssessÂment in Written Composition.” Research in the Teaching of English 26 (1992): 108-22.
- Robertson, Alice. “Teach, Not Test: A Look at a New Writing Placement Procedure.” WPA: 18 (1994): 56-63.
- Smith, William L. “Assessing the Reliability and Adequacy of Using Holistic Scoring of Essays as a College Composition Placement Program Technique.” Williamson and Huot. 142-205.
- White, Edward M. ” Apologia for the Timed Impromptu Essay Test .” CCC 46 (1995): 30-45.
- —. “Holistic Scoring: Past Triumphs and Future Challenges.” Williamson and Huot 79-108.
- —. ” Language and Reality in Writing Assessment .” CCC 40 (1990): 187-200.
- —. “Response to Allen Purves,” CCC 46 (1995): 550-51.
- —. Teaching and Assessing Writing. 2nd Ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1994.
- Williamson, Michael M. “The Worship of EfÂficiency: Untangling Theoretical and PractiÂcal Considerations in Writing Assessment.” Assessing Writing 1 (1994): 147-74.
- Williamson, Michael M. and Brian Huot, eds. Validating Holistic Scoring for Writing AssessÂment: Theoretical & Empirical Foundations. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton, 1993.
Grimm, Nancy Maloney. “Rearticulating the Work of the Writing Center.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 523-548.
Grimm argues for a stronger presence of writing center voices in composition scholarship and conceptualizes the writing center as a site to help close the gap between theory and practice in academic literacy.
ccc47.4 WritingCenters Students Literacy Relationships Composition University Community Language Practice
- Atwood, Margaret. The Robber Bride. New York: Doubleday, 1993.
- Bakhtin, M. M. The Dialogic Imagination. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: U of Texas P, 1981.
- Bizzell, Patricia. “Arguing about Literacy.” College English 50 (1988): 141-53.
- —. “Marxist Ideas in Composition StudÂies.” Contending with Words: Composition and Rhetoric in a Postmodern Age. Eds. Patricia Harkin and John Schilb. New York: MLA, 1991. 52-68.
- Bleich, David. The Double Perspective: LanÂguage, Literacy, and Social Relations. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
- Bowen, Murray. Family Therapy in Clinical Practice. New Jersey: Aronson, 1986.
- Brandt, Deborah. Literacy as Involvement: The Acts of Writers, Readers, and Texts. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1990.
- Brodkey, Linda. “Articulating Poststructural Theory in Research on Literacy.” MultidisciÂplinary Perspectives on Literacy Research. Eds. Richard Beach, Judith L. Green, Michael L. Kamil, and Timothy Shanahan. Urbana: NCTE, 1992.
- Bruffee, Kenneth A. “Peer Tutoring and the ‘Conversation of Mankind.”’ Writing CenÂters: Theory and Administration. Ed. Gary A. Olson. Urbana: NCTE, 1984. 635-52.
- Bushman, Donald E. “Past Accomplishments and Current Trends in Writing Center ReÂsearch: A Bibliographic Essay.” The Writing Center: New Directions. Eds. Ray Wallace and Jeanne Simpson. New York: Garland, 1991. 27-37.
- Cooper, Marilyn. “Why Are We Talking About Discourse Communities? Or, Foundationalism Rears Its Ugly Head Once More.” Marilyn Cooper and
- Michael Holzman. Writing as Social Action. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 1989.
- Delpit, Lisa. “The Silenced Dialogue: Power and Pedagogy in Educating Other People’s Children.” Harvard Educational ReÂview 58 (1988): 280-98.
- DiPardo, Anne. A Kind of Passport: A Basic Writing Adjunct Program and the Challenge of Student Diversity. Urbana: NCTE, 1993.
- Ellsworth, Elizabeth. “Why Doesn’t This Feel Empowering? Working Through the ReÂpressive Myths of Critical Pedagogy.” Harvard Educational Review 59 (1989): 297-324.
- Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.
- —. “The Subject and Power.” Michel FouÂcault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Eds. Hubert L. Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1982.
- Fox, Helen. Listening to the World: Cultural Issues in Academic Writing. Urbana: NCTE, 1994.
- Godzich, Wlad.’ The Culture of Literacy. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1994.
- Gramsci, Antonio. Selections from the Prison Notebooks, Ed. and Trans. Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith. New York: International, 1971.
- Gray, John. Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus: A Practical Guide for Improving Communication and Getting What You Want in Your Relationships. New York: HarperÂCollins, 1992.
- Hall, Stuart. “On Postmodernism and ArticuÂlation.” Journal of Communication Inquiry 10 (1986): 45-60.
- Harris, Joseph. ” The Idea of Community in the Study of Writing .” CCC 40 (February 1989): 11-22.
- Heath, Shirley Brice. “Protean Shapes in litÂeracy Events: Ever-Shifting Oral and literÂate Traditions.” Perspectives on Literacy. Eds. Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, Mike Rose. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1988.
- Heath, Shirley Brice and Leslie Mangiola. Children of Promise: Literate Activity in LinguisÂtically and Culturally Diverse Classrooms. Washington, DC: National Education AssoÂciation, 1991.
- hooks, bell. Sisters of the Yam: Black Women and Self-Recovery. Boston: South End P, 1993.
- Jameson, Fredric. Postmodernism, or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke UP, 1992.
- Johnson, Richard. “What is Cultural Studies Anyway?” Social Text 16 (1986/87): 38-80.
- Kinkead, Joyce A. and Jeanette G. Harris, eds. Writing Centers in Context: Twelve Case Studies. Urbana: NCTE, 1993.
- Laclau, Ernesto and Chantal Mouffe. Hegemony and Socialist Strategy. London: VerÂso, 1985.
- Lerner, Harriet Goldhor. The Dance of Anger: A Woman’s Guide to Changing the Patterns of InÂtimate Relationships. New York: Harper, 1985.
- —. The Dance of Intimacy: A Woman’s Guide to Courageous Acts of Change in Key Relationships. New York: Harper, 1989.
- —. The Dance of Deception: Pretending and Truth-Telling in Women’s Lives. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.
- Lotto, Edward. “The Angel of the House: Writing Centers and Departments of English.” Unpublished paper.
- Lunsford, Andrea. “Intellectual Property in an Age of Information: What’s at Stake for Composition.” Conference on Composition in the 21 st Century: Crisis and Change, Council of Writing Program AdministraÂtors, Oxford, Ohio, October 1993.
- Matthews, Sylvia, and Hajj Flemings. “Seeing from the Inside Out and the Outside In.” National Writing Centers Association ConÂference, St. Louis, MO, September 1995.
- Miller, Susan. Textual Carnivals.: The Politics of Composition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.
- Mouffe, Chantal. “Feminism, Citizenship, and Radical Democratic Politics.” Feminists Theorize the Political. Eds. Judith Butler and Joan W. Scott. New York: Routledge, 1992. 369-84.
- —. The Return of the Political. London: Verso, 1993.
- Ohmann, Richard. Politics of Letters. MiddleÂtown: Wesleyan UP, 1987.
- Olson, Gary A. and Evelyn Ashton-Jones. “Writing Center Directors: The Search for Professional Status.” WPA: Writing Program Administration 12.1-2 (1988): 19-28.
- Pratt, Mary Louise. “Arts of the Contact Zone.” Profession 91: (1991) 33-40.
- —. “Linguistic Utopias.” The Linguistics of Writing: Arguments between Language and Literature. Eds. Nigel Fabb, Derek Attridge, Alan Durant, and Colin MacCabe. New York: Methuen, 1987. 48-66.
- Rose, Mike. Lives on the Boundary: The StrugÂgles and Achievements of America’s UnderpreÂpared. New York: Free Press, 1989.
- Smith, Louise Z. “Family Systems Theory and the Form of Conference Dialogue.” The Writing Center Journal 11.2 (Spring 1991): 61-72.
- Spooner, Michael. “Circles and Centers: Some Thoughts on the Writing Center and Academic Book Publishing.” Writing Lab Newsletter 17:10 (June 1993): 1-3.
- Steinem, Gloria. Revolution from Within: A Book of Self-Esteem. Boston, Little, Brown, 1992.
- Street, Brian. Social Literacies: Critical ApÂproaches to Literacy in Development, EthnograÂphy and Education. London: Longman, 1995.
- Trachsel. Mary. “Nurturant Ethics and AcaÂdemic Ideals: Convergence in the Writing Center.” The Writing Center Journal 16.1 (Fall 1995): 24-45.
- Villanueva, Jr. Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana: NCTE, 1993.
- Vygotsky, Lev. Mind in Society. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1978.
- —. Thought and Language. Cambridge: MIT P, 1988.
Minock, Mary. “A(n) (Un)Certain Synergy: Rhetoric, Hermeneutics, and Transdisciplinary Conversations about Writing.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 502-522.
Minock analyzes outcomes of the WAC program she directed at Wayne State University and argues for a pragmatic rhetoric of integrative theory and practice to help establish effective WAC programs. She finds that WAC faculty achieve consensus on grading standards but not on giving advice to students on how to improve their essays. To improve WAC effectiveness, she proposes a theory informed practice that forms a hermeneutic: a “series of dialogic understanding.” This hermeneutic would help faculty acknowledge and consider disciplinary biases within a framework of larger rhetorical concerns.
ccc47.4 Writing Faculty Rhetoric Students WAC Theory Conversations Audience Community Hermeneutics Disciplines Interdisciplinary
- Beale, Walter H. A Pragmatic Theory of Rhetoric. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.
- Britton, James, Tony Burgess, Nancy Martin, Alex McLeod, and Harold Rosen. The Development of Writing Abilities (11-18). London: Macmillan, 1975.
- Crusius, Timothy W. A Teacher’s Introduction to Philosophical Hermeneutics. Urbana: NCTE, 1991.
- Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 1990.
- Gadamer, Hans-Georg. “Hermeneutics as Practical Philosophy.” After Philosophy: End or Transformation? Ed. Kenneth Baynes, James Bohman, and Thomas McCarthy. Cambridge: MIT P, 1987. 325-38.
- —. “Rhetoric, Hermeneutics, and the Critique of Ideology: Metacritical ComÂments on Truth and Method.” The HermeÂneutic Reader: Texts of the German Tradition from the Enlightenment to the Present. Ed Kurt Mueller-Vollmer. New York: Continuum, 1992. 274-92.
- —. Truth and Method. 2nd ed. Rev. trans. Joel Weinsheimer and Donald G. Marshall. New York: Crossroads, 1989.
- Gere, Anne Ruggles, ed. Into the Field: Sites of Composition. New York: MLA, 1993.
- Halden-Sullivan, Judith. “The PhenomenolÂogy of Process.” Gere 44-59.
- Kent, Thomas. Paralogic Rhetoric: A Theory of Communicative Interaction. Lewisburg PA: Bucknell UP, 1993.
- Kinneavy, James L. “The Process of Writing: A Philosophical Base in Hermeneutics.” Journal of Advanced Composition 7 (1987): 1-9.
- —. “The Relationship to the Whole to the Part in Interpretation Theory and in the Composing Process.” The Territory of LanÂguage. Ed. Donald McQuade. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1986.292-312.
- —. A Theory of Discourse. New York: Norton, 1971.
- Klein, Julie Thompson. Interdisdplinarity: HisÂtory, Theory, and Practice. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1990.
- Maimon, Elaine P. “Beaver College.” ProÂgrams That Work: Models and Methods for Writing Across the Curriculum. Ed. Toby Fulwiler and Art Young. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton, 1990. 142-61.
- McLeod, Susan H. “The Foreigner: WAC DiÂrectors as Agents of Change.” Resituating Writing. Ed. Joseph Janangelo and Kristine Hansen. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1995. 108Â116.
- Peritz, Janice H. “When Learning Is Not Enough: Writing Across the Curriculum and the (Re)turn to Rhetoric.” Journal of Advanced Composition 14 (1994): 431-54.
- Phelps, Louise Wetherbee. Composition As a Human Science: Contributions to the Self-Understanding of a Discipline. New York: Oxford, 1988.
- Ricoeur, Paul. The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur: An Anthology of His Work. Ed. Charles E. ReÂagan and David Steward. Boston: Beacon, 1978.
- Schildgen, Brenda Deen. “Reconnecting Rhetoric and Philosophy in the ComposiÂtion Classroom.” Gere 30-43.
- Slosson, Edwin Emery. “From Great AmeriÂcan Universities (1910).” The Origins of Literary Studies in America: A Documentary Anthology. Ed. Gerald Graff and Michael Warner. New York: Routledge, 1989. 168Â70.
- Spellmeyer, Kurt. “Being Philosophical About Composition: Hermeneutics and the Teaching of Writing.” Gere 9-29.
- Veysey, Laurence R. The Emergence of the American University. Chicago: U Chicago P, 1965.
- Walvoord, Barbara E. “Getting Started.” WritÂing Across the Curriculum: A Guide to Developing Programs. Ed. Susan H. McLeod and Margot Soven. Newbury Park: Sage, 1992. 12-31.
Kuriloff, Peshe C. “What Discourses Have in Common: Teaching the Transaction between Writer and Reader.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 485-501.
Kuriloff argues that instructors should teach discourse conventions of multiple academic disciplines and audience awareness to college students. He analyses sample academic sociology and literary essays written by a professor and a number of students to illustrate common discourse practices across disciplines. Citing H. Paul Grice’s Cooperative Principle, Kuriloff argues for a greater emphasis upon reader-writer interaction in composition pedagogy.
ccc47.4 Readers Students Discourse Writing Community Transaction Conventions DiscourseCommunities Authority Audience
- Anderson. Elijah. Streetwise: Race, Class and Change in an Urban Community. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1990.
- Anson, Chris. “Toward a Multidimensional Model of Writing in the Academic DisciÂplines.” Writing in Academic Disciplines, Vol. 2. Ed. David A. Jolliffe. Norwood: Ablex, 1988. 1-33.
- Bizzell, Patricia. Academic Discourse and Critical Consciousness. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh, 1992.
- Camfield, Gregg. “Sentimental Liberalism and the Problem of Race in Huckleberry Finn.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 46 (1991): 96-113.
- Geertz, Clifford. “Blurred Genres: The RefiguÂration of Social Thought.” Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology. New York: Basic, 1983. 19-35.
- Gistrak, Jennifer. “The Dearth of Male Role Models in Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn: ImÂplications for Family Life.” The Samuel P. and Ida S. Mandell Undergraduate Essay Awards 1992-1993. Writing Across the University, University of Pennsylvania. 34-Â45.
- Gopen, George and Judith Swan. “The Science of Scientific Writing.” American Scientist 78, Nov-Dec. 1990: 550-58.
- Graff, Gerald. Beyond the Culture Wars: How Teaching the Conflicts Can Revitalize American Education. New York: Norton, 1992.
- Grice, H. Paul. Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1989.
- Lee, Helen. “Stay Outta My Space and I’ll Stay Outta Yours: The Social Order of Privacy at Scherr Pool.” The Samuel P. and Ida S. Mandell Undergraduate Essay Awards 1993-1994. Writing Across the University, University of Pennsylvania. 61-66.
- MacDonald, Susan Peck. Professional Academic Writing in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Carbondale: Southern Illinois P, 1994.
- Pratt, Mary Louise. “Linguistic Utopias.” The Linguistics of Writing. Eds. Nigel Fabb, Derek Attridge, Alan Durant, and Colin MacCabe. New York: Methuen, 1987. 48-66.
- Slevin, James F. “Genre Theory, Academic Discourse and Writing Within Disciplines.” Audits of Meaning. Ed. Louise Z. Smith. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1988. 3-16.