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CCCC Ethical Conduct of Research Involving Human Participants: A Bibliography - Previous Revision

This bibliography presents sources that composition researchers can use to supplement the “CCCC Guidelines for the Ethical Conduct of Research in Composition Studies.” The guidelines are available at

Associations’ Statements of Ethics

American Anthropological Association. “Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association.” 1998. 15 Dec. 2002 <>.

American Educational Research Association. “Ethical Standards of the AERA.” June 1992. 15 Dec. 2002 <>.

American Psychological Association. “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct 2002.” 15 Dec. 2002 <>.

Society of Professional Journalists. “Code of Ethics.” 1996. 15 Dec. 2002 <>.

American Political Science Association. “A Guide to Professional Ethics in Political Science,” 2nd ed. 1998 <>.

American Sociological Association. “Code of Ethics.” 1997. 21 Jan. 2003 <>.

American Folklore Society. “A Statement of Ethics for the American Folklore Society.” 1988. 21 Jan. 2003 <>.

Oral History Association. “Oral History Evaluation Guidelines.” Rev. ed., 2000. 21 Jan. 2003 <>.

Modern Language Association. “Statement of Professional Ethics.” Profession 92. New York: MLA, 1992. 75-78. Online at <>.

Disciplinary Discussions of Research Ethics

Anderson, Paul V. “Simple Gifts: Ethical Issues in the Conduct of Person-Based Composition Research.” College Composition and Communication 49 (1998): 63-89.

Barton, Ellen. “More Methodological Matters: Against Negative Argumentation.” College Composition and Communication 51 (2000): 399-416.

Barton, Ellen. “The Implications of Narrative: A Reply to Seth Kahn.” College Composition and Communication 52 (2000): 292-96.

Charney, Davida. "Empiricism Is Not a Four-Letter Word." College Composition and Communication 47 (1996): 567-93.

Denzin, Norman K., and Yvonna S. Lincoln, eds. Handbook of Qualitative Research. 2nd ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 2000.

Haswell, Janis, Maureen Hourigan, and Lulu C. H. Sun. “Affirming the Need for Continued Dialogue: Refining an Ethic of Students and Student Writing in Composition Studies.” Journal of Teaching Writing 18.1-2 (2000): 84-111.

Kahn, Seth. “Rethinking the Historical Narratives of Composition’s Ethics Debate.” College Composition and Communication 52 (2000): 287-92.

Kirklighter, Cristina, Cloe Vincent, and Joseph M. Moxley, eds. Voices and Visions: Refiguring Ethnography in Composition. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook-Heinemann, 1997.

Kirsch, Gesa E. Ethical Dilemmas in Feminist Research: The Politics of Location, Interpretation, and Publication. Albany: State U of New York P, 1999.

McKee, Heidi. "Changing the Process of Institutional Review Board Compliance." College Composition and Communication 54 (2002): 488-493.

Mortensen, Peter, and Gesa E. Kirsch, eds. Ethics and Representation in Qualitative Studies of Literacy. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1996.

Mountford, Roxanne, and Richard Hansberger. “Doing Fieldwork in the Panopticon: A Response to Paul Anderson.” Aug. 1998. CCC Online. 15 Dec. 2002.

Ray, Ruth, and Ellen Barton. “Farther Afield: Rethinking the Contributions of Research.” Under Construction: Working at the Intersections of Composition Theory, Research, and Practice. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 1998. 196-214.

Research Oversight and Academic Freedom

American Association of University Professors. “Protecting Human Beings: Institutional Review Boards and Social Science Research.” Academe 87.3 (2001): 55-67.

Gunsalus, C. K. “Rethinking Protections for Human Subjects.” Chronicle of Higher Education 15 Nov. 2002: B24.

Intellectual Property

Hunter, Susan M. “Resurveying the Boundaries of Intellectual Property.” Foregrounding Ethical Awareness in Composition and English Studies. Ed. Sheryl I. Fontaine and Susan M. Hunter. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1998. 160-73.

Lunsford, Andrea A., and Susan West. “Intellectual Property and Composition Studies.” College Composition and Communication 47 (1996): 383-411.


Lessig, Lawrence. The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World. New York: Random House, 2001.

Vaidhyanathan, Siva. Copyrights and Copywrongs: The Rise of Intellectual Property and How It Threatens Creativity. New York: New York UP, 2001.

Discussion of Ethics in Creative Nonfiction

Bloom, Lynn Z. “Living to Tell the Tale: The Complicated Ethics of Creative Nonfiction.” College English 65 (2003): 276-89.

Cheney, Thomas A. Rees. “Ethical Considerations.” Writing Creative Nonfiction: Fiction Techniques for Crafting Great Nonfiction. Berkeley: Ten Speed P, 2001. 222-36.

Forché, Carolyn. “The ‘New’ Literature.” Writing Creative Nonfiction: Instruction and Insight from the Teachers of the Associated Writing Programs. Ed. Carolyn Forché and Philip Gerard. Cincinnati: Story P, 2001. 104-13.

Gutkind, Lee. “The Elusive Truth.” The Art of Creative Nonfiction: Writing and Selling the Literature of Reality. New York: Wiley, 1997. 117-25.


  1. An institutional review board is a committee established under the federal regulation for the protection of research participants (45 CFR 46). Each IRB is legally responsible for assuring that all research involving human participants that is conducted under the aegis of its institution complies with this regulation. For more information, visit the website of the federal Office for Human Research Protections:
  2. This sentence is adapted from the American Psychological Association Ethics Code, 6.10.c.

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